Diarrhoea

What is Diarrhoea?

Diarrhea or diarrhoea (from the Ancient Greek from ' "through" and ' "flow") is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss. Signs of dehydration often begin with loss of the normal stretchiness of the skin and changes in personality. This can progress to decreased urination, loss of skin color, a fast heart rate, and a decrease in responsiveness as it becomes more severe. Loose but non watery stools in babies who are breastfed, however, may be normal.

The most common cause is an infection of the intestines due to either a virus, bacteria, or parasite; a condition known as gastroenteritis. These infections are often acquired from food or water that has been contaminated by stool, or directly from another person who is infected. It may be divided into three types: short duration watery diarrhea, short duration bloody diarrhea, and if it lasts for more than two weeks, persistent diarrhea. The short duration watery diarrhea may be due to an infection by cholera. If blood is present it is also known as dysentery. A number of non-infectious causes may also result in diarrhea, including hyperthyroidism, lactose intolerance, inflammatory bowel disease, a number of medications, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Prevention of infectious diarrhea is by improved sanitation, clean drinking water, and hand washing with soap. Breastfeeding for at least six months is also recommended as is vaccination against rotavirus. Oral rehydration solution (ORS), which is clean water with modest amounts of salts and sugar, is the treatment of choice. Zinc tablets are also recommended. These treatments have been estimated to have saved 50 million children in the past 25 years. If commercial ORS are not available, homemade solutions may be used. Most cases; however, can be managed well with fluids by mouth. Loperamide may help decrease the number of bowel movement but is not recommended in those with severe disease.

About 1.7 to 5 billion cases of diarrhea occur per year. It is most common in developing countries, where young children get diarrhea on average three times a year. Total deaths from diarrhea are estimated at 1.26 million in 2013 – down from 2.58 million in 1990. Frequent episodes of diarrhea are also a common cause of malnutrition and the most common cause in those younger than five years of age. Other long term problems that can result include stunted growth and poor intellectual development.

Questions and answers on "Diarrhoea"

I have severe diareha I am taking collagen can that cause it

the correct name is immodium

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
collagen

Detailed Answer:
hI,

I am not sure why were you using collagen at this age. Did you start it recently?
Collagen is purely not known to cause diarrhoea, there would be some other ingredients in collagen fibre supplements which you may be sensitive to. Those may cause...

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Can I take eldopar for diarrhoea if I am taking acitrom 1mg?How it makes sense as online when a question is not answered even after 35 min?

doctor1 MD

Brief answer....can be taken
Detailed answer....
Hello,
Thanks for the query.
I have read your query and understand your concern.
Available data don't suggest that there is any interaction between acitrom and eldoper.
You can safely take ELDOPER for control of your diarrhoea.
I hope it...

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Can omnitrope cause diarrhea or liver problems?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Not reported

Detailed Answer:
Hi,

Somatropin or Growth Hormone replacment which is branded as Omnitrope may cause diarrhoea but not reported yet. It stimulates Insulin Growth Factor 1 from the liver. But I do not think if it damages the...

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I am currently taking an antibiotic for an infected ingrown hair. After i finish the antibiotics, is there a specific protocol to take probiotics?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
can be used with or directly after

Detailed Answer:
HI, thanks for using healthcare magic

There is no specific protocol. Probiotics are sometimes even used along antibiotics in some persons especially those who have diarrhoea when on antibiotics

The probiotics help to reduce the...

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can quetiapine cause diahrea?

doctor1 MD

Brief answer....your diarrhoea could be because of quetiapine
Detailed answer....
Hello,
Thanks for the query.
I have read your query and understand your concern.
Quetiapine consumption can cause nausea,vomiting,constipation,abdominal pain and diarrhoea in few people.
Consult your doctor...

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Ui doctor...my student is passing loose watety stools last 20 days ....his routine stool test shows his pus cell are 3.5...and stool colour is green .....I have consulted many doctor. ...wat to do

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Needs a colonoscopy.

Detailed Answer:
Hello,

How old is your student?

He has chronic diarrhoea.
I would suggest to get a complete blood count and ESR done.

He might need a colonoscopy to find the cause of his diarrhoea.

Please consult your doctor regarding a colonoscopy...

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I have been having constant diarrhea. I have a colonoscopy and the upper scope apt for Sept 21st. But the diarrhea has made it difficult to get to work on time in the morning. So I started taking Imodium and then my doctor just prescribed me Sulfamethoxazole for an infection I have. Are these safe to take together?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Yes

Detailed Answer:
You can take them together. But the use of immodium is just to control diarrhoea, so if diarrhoea stopped, you better not take it.
You can continue sulphmethoxazole. I would also suggest Lactobacillus spores to replace lost Bacteria which are useful....

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Diarohea for the past 4 days. On Ciplox TZ and still the same. No stomach pain. Having Bifilac too.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
In diarrhoea can be due to viral infections, worms, Ciplox TZ will not act.

Detailed Answer:
Hi XXXXXXX welcome to HCM,
In diarrhoea can be due to viral infections, worms, Ciplox TZ will not act.
Can you do your routine stool examination so that I can advise you better?
Meanwhile...

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I HAVE JUST RETURNE FROM HOLS IN SPAIN.i HAVE VERY WATERY DIORREA FOR 5 DAYS.TAKING PLENTY OF LIQUIDS.#

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Travellors diarrhoea needs antibiotic prescription

Detailed Answer:
Hi,

If you are back from holidays out of your country you need antibiotic regimen for 5 days. Generally there are parasites, viruses and bacteria which can affect the gut to cause diarrhoea. Hence it is better to...

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My 28 year old son appears to have an intestinal flu. He has vomiting and diarrhea. Is there something over the counter I can give him to stop the vomiting and can I give him a sip of water or ginger ale.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Peptobismol and kaopectate

Detailed Answer:
Hi,

Sips of water should be fine. Do not give ginger ale it may irritate the stomach further.
I would suggest to give Peptobismol to neutralize the acid and it has calcium and magnesium which can control diarrhoea. If you have immodium...

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Recent questions on  Diarrhoea

doctor1 MD

I ve been pretty sick fora week. It began when my GP thought I might have clot in my right leg (swelling, redness , warmth) so she sent me to the hospital for a sonogram. It was negative, but the doctor there wanted me to come back the next day.I...

doctor1 MD

My 4 month old boy poop is somewhat whitish yellow/lime color since 2/3 days and its loose in nature .Previously his poop color was sometimes yellow and greenish in color. It is sign of worry for this whitish yellow/lime nature.

doctor1 MD

Hi My wife is now almost 38 weeks pregnant. Today she had uneasiness in stomach and had loose motions . Is this the start of labour. How and when do we go to the Emergency or Hospital ?

doctor1 MD

i have been suffering from stomach acidity doctor prescribed me pan 40 and perinom tablets but after 4 days of prescription, im suffering from loose motion in the morning -diarrhoea

doctor1 MD

I was vacationing in new york and returned to california on December 1. I ate a lot of street food in New York. On my flight home, I had stomach upset and nausea already. In the evening of Dec.1 I vomited a lot and subsequently had diarrhea . I also had low grade fever for 1 day. Though I am better, with good appetite , my stools have remained not formed. It s not liquid diarrhea but some parts are just sandy or grainy and the others are like shredded. I have bloating and mild nausea, and continue to have abdominal cramps. What kind of infection do you think I have? Thanks.

doctor1 MD

Three days ago I went to the local emerg department with nausea , vomitting, dizziness , headache and strong abdominal pain . They took blood and urine samples, performed xray and ct scans. They gave me fluids, pain meds, gravol, and antibiotics intravenously. Nothing showed up on the tests they did. I began to have diarrhea twenty hours after being admitted to the hospital. They felt my illness was likely gastrointestinal . I was released from the hospital at my request. The pain has lessened dramatically in the last three days. My eyes have a yellow tinge to them, though are white where my eyelid sits. They also have a slight film, which seems like just clear fluid, over them.My stool is slowly becoming less watery but is very foul smelling and has changed colour. It is very dark; almost black. I suppose that the yellowing of my eyes is most troubling as this has never occurred before. Wondering what my next steps should be? Is this illness just running its course or should I be re-examined?

doctor1 MD

Ok my son has had diarrhea and vomiting Tuesday and Wednesday just loose stool. No fever except Tuesday eveing only 100. He went to school today and came home feeling terrible. He said after he dank from the water fountain he started feeling bad. Now he has had diarrhea and vomiting since he got home from school. His temp is 98 with blood shot eyes? Any thoughts. Should I take him to the doctor in the morning?

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