What is Constipation?

Constipation (also known as costiveness) refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass. Constipation is a common cause of painful defecation. Severe constipation includes obstipation (failure to pass stools or gas) and fecal impaction, which can progress to bowel obstruction and become life-threatening.

Constipation is a symptom with many causes. These causes are of two types: obstructed defecation and colonic slow transit (or hypomobility). About 50% of patients evaluated for constipation at tertiary referral hospitals have obstructed defecation. This type of constipation has mechanical and functional causes. Causes of colonic slow transit constipation include diet, hormonal disorders such as hypothyroidism, side effects of medications, and rarely heavy metal toxicity. Because constipation is a symptom, not a disease, effective treatment of constipation may require first determining the cause. Treatments include changes in dietary habits, laxatives, enemas, biofeedback, and in particular situations surgery may be required.

Constipation is common; in the general population incidence of constipation varies from 2 to 30%. In the United States expenditures on medications for constipation are greater than $250 million per year.

Questions and answers on "Constipation"

I am suffering from Constipation .My age is 20,male,weight 70 kg and height 6ft. During my childhood days from birth up to 3 years,I used to suffer...

doctor1 MD

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You appear to have your bowel movements under control as of now. Am glad to understand that you are...

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Hi daughter is 2 year and she is having constipation.Every 3 days only she pass stool and it is too tight.We consult one doctor and he...

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hi i suffer from ibs and i dont know if my symptoms caused by that but here it goes.... i am urinating alot more than usual, if ihold itin its a...

doctor1 MD


I read your concerns and in my opinion your symptoms are not related with IBS, but with urinary infection.

So, I would suggest doing urinary...

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