Common cold

What is Common cold?

The common cold (also known as nasopharyngitis, rhinopharyngitis, acute coryza, head cold, or simply a cold) is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract which primarily affects the nose.

Signs and symptoms include coughing, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, and fever which usually resolve in seven to ten days, with some symptoms lasting up to three weeks. Well over 200 virus strains are implicated in the cause of the common cold; the rhinoviruses are the most common.

Upper respiratory tract infections are loosely divided by the areas they affect, with the common cold primarily affecting the nose, the throat (pharyngitis), and the sinuses (sinusitis), occasionally involving either or both eyes via conjunctivitis. Symptoms are mostly due to the body's immune response to the infection rather than to tissue destruction by the viruses themselves. The primary method of prevention is by hand washing with some evidence to support the effectiveness of wearing face masks. The common cold may occasionally lead to pneumonia, either viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia.

No cure for the common cold exists, but the symptoms can be treated. It is the most frequent infectious disease in humans with the average adult getting two to three colds a year and the average child getting between six and twelve. These infections have been with humanity since antiquity.

Questions and answers on "Common cold"

Hi , If nebulizer is used for common cold and high blocking nose and cough in children, what are the after effects? My brother uses it for his...

doctor1 MD

welcome to HCM
Read your prob, Asthelin, Ipravent n budecort are use only in bhronchiolitis, bhronchitis, HRAD n any condition when wheeze in...

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Hello,my 4 years old has been having allergy like symptoms for several month.His pediatrition handles it as common cold...He also says his heart is...

doctor1 MD


Thank you for asking at HCM.

I went through your son's history. From your history, both allergic and non-allergic causes are possible.


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I have a high heart rate and need a bit of help to calm myself down. I'm overweight(1,75 meters, 90 kg's) and my heart rate is 97-101 beats per...

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doctor1 MD

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