Burn injury

What is Burn injury?

A burn is a type of injury to flesh or skin caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation. Burns that affect only the superficial skin are known as superficial or first-degree burns. When damage penetrates into some of the underlying layers, it is a partial-thickness or second-degree burn. In a full-thickness or third-degree burn, the injury extends to all layers of the skin. A fourth-degree burn additionally involves injury to deeper tissues, such as muscle or bone.

The treatment required depends on the severity of the burn. Superficial burns may be managed with little more than simple pain relievers, while major burns may require prolonged treatment in specialized burn centers. Cooling with tap water may help relieve pain and decrease damage; however, prolonged exposure may result in low body temperature. Partial-thickness burns may require cleaning with soap and water, followed by dressings. It is not clear how to manage blisters, but it is probably reasonable to leave them intact. Full-thickness burns usually require surgical treatments, such as skin grafting. Extensive burns often require large amounts of intravenous fluid, because the subsequent inflammatory response causes significant capillary fluid leakage and edema. The most common complications of burns involve infection.

While large burns can be fatal, modern treatments developed since 1960 have significantly improved the outcomes, especially in children and young adults. Globally, about 11 million people seek medical treatment, and 300,000 die from burns each year. In the United States, approximately 4% of those admitted to a burn center die from their injuries. The long-term outcome is primarily related to the size of burn and the age of the person affected.

Questions and answers on "Burn injury"

Dear Doctor, My sister , aged 43 yrs , got burnt by hot water in November last & was under treatment in AAAAAAA Nursing Home , Cuttack for over one...

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hello doctor i burnt my face with hot water geyser , my skin dried and after a week dead skin peeled , underneath a fresh skin , no burn injuries...

doctor1 MD

Hello,
Thanks for the query.
You can apply aloe vera and vitamin c mixture.
this cream will protect your skin and help in regrowth.
in day you must...

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My 18 year old son had skin graft surgery 3 weeks ago following a burn injury. The grafts all took, but about half of them are hypertrophic. While...

doctor1 MD

Hello
Thanks for posting your query to HCM.
Your anxiety and problem is well expected. You have said the grafts healed well.
But, still the grafted...

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Recent questions on  Burn injury

doctor1 MD

My 18 year old son had skin graft surgery 3 weeks ago following a burn injury. The grafts all took, but about half of them are hypertrophic. While...

doctor1 MD

hello doctor i burnt my face with hot water geyser , my skin dried and after a week dead skin peeled , underneath a fresh skin , no burn injuries...

doctor1 MD

In the early 70s, between the ages of 10 and 14, I received many cortisone injection treatments into my scars/ keloids from 3rd degree burn...

doctor1 MD

My daughter has suffered with 25% burn injury mainly in neck and upper chest region and is still in hospital since 13th Dec ,2012. Face is slightly...

doctor1 MD

Dear sir my father is diabetic patient he has accidentally burnt with bike silencer and we went to diabetologist he peeled ofskin and advised...

doctor1 MD

Hi, I had an electric shock about a month and half ago, i had burn injury on my left thumb, which has healed externally, but there is slight pain...

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