Bronchial asthma

What is Bronchial asthma?

An acute or chronic disorder characterized by widespread and largely reversible reduction in the caliber of bronchi and bronchioles, due in varying degrees to smooth muscle spasm, mucosal edema, and excessive mucus in the lumens of airways. Cardinal symptoms are dyspnea, wheezing, and cough. Attacks or exacerbations may be induced by airborne allergens (molds, pollens, animal dander, dust mite and cockroach antigens), inhaled irritants (cold air, cigarette smoke, ozone), physical exercise, respiratory infection, psychological stress, or other factors. The signs and symptoms of bronchial asthma are caused by the local release of spasmogens and inflammatory mediators (histamines, leukotrienes, prostaglandins) and other substances from mast cells, eosinophils, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and epithelial cells. Airway caliber may be abruptly and drastically reduced during a paroxysm or after diagnostic challenge with methacholine or histamine, and may quickly return to normal after administration of a bronchodilator (inhaled β-adrenergic agonist or subcutaneous epinephrine).

Questions and answers on "Bronchial asthma"

Im 31 yrs old and had a slightly abnormal ekg they don t think anything is wrong but just to be sure they ordered a stress test is it unusual to...

doctor1 MD

Thanks for your query
As they found nothing on EKG that's why they have ordered for a stress test and if anything abnormal is there it will...

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hi,my name is diyana mohd khairi, 13 years old,i want 2 be fat ,since i was born im thin and i have asthma ,im too skinny ,my weight is 31,my...

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Hi my 3 month old is breastfeeding. sometimes she has very noisy breathing, like snoring. is that normal? also sometimes she gets tired after even...

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