Birth defect

What is Birth defect?

Congenital disorder, also known as congenital disease or birth defect, is a condition existing at or before birth regardless of cause. Of these diseases, those characterized by structural deformities are termed "congenital anomalies" and involve defects in a developing fetus. Birth defects vary widely in cause and symptoms. Any substance that causes birth defects is known as a teratogen. Some disorders can be detected before birth through prenatal diagnosis (screening).

Birth defects may be the result of genetic or environmental factors. This includes errors of morphogenesis, infection, epigenetic modifications on a parental germline, or a chromosomal abnormality. The outcome of the disorder will depend on complex interactions between the pre-natal deficit and the post-natal environment. However, the relationship between offspring health and paternal exposures, age, and lifestyle are still relatively weak. This is likely due to the fact that paternal exposures and their effects on the fetus are studied far less extensively than maternal exposures.

Birth defects are present in about 3% of newborns.

Questions and answers on "Birth defect"

my boyfriend has been using drugs, benzodiazepinen and heroine for the past 15 years on and off mostly beszo. He is now clean since 3 months, we...

doctor1 MD

Hi dear, I have gone through your question and understand your concerns.
If he is not taking the drugs from last3 months, then there will be no...

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I know I have a rare birth defect but always wanted to know what it was called.I have short fingers and toes with a missing knuckle on every...

doctor1 MD

i assume what you have is Brachydactyly - shortening of the fingers and toes due to unusually short bones when compared to the long bones of...

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Me and my wife have same blood group i.e., O+ve Blood group.
It seems like it may cause in baby birth defects during pregnency of wife.
So could...

doctor1 MD

NO there are no complication in pregnancy if you and your wife are having same blood group .
The problem generally...

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