Acute respiratory distress

What is Acute respiratory distress?

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), previously known as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), acute lung injury, adult respiratory distress syndrome, or shock lung, is a severe, life-threatening medical condition characterized by widespread inflammation in the lungs. While ARDS may be triggered by a trauma or lung infection, it is usually the result of sepsis.

ARDS is a disease of the microscopic air sacs of the lungs (alveoli) that leads to decreased exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide (gas exchange). ARDS is associated with several pathologic changes: the release of inflammatory chemicals, breakdown of the cells lining the lung's blood vessels, surfactant loss leading to increased surface tension in the lung, fluid accumulation in the lung, and excessive fibrous connective tissue formation.

The syndrome has a high mortality between 20 and 50%. The mortality rate with ARDS varies widely based on disease severity, a person's age, and the presence of other medical conditions.

The acronym ARDS formerly signified "adult respiratory distress syndrome" to differentiate it from "infant respiratory distress syndrome", which occurs in premature infants. However, as this type of pulmonary edema also occurs in children, ARDS has gradually shifted to mean "acute" rather than "adult". The differences from the typical infant syndrome remain.

Questions and answers on "Acute respiratory distress"

I am on my 3rd dose of Duo Neb Albuterol 2.5 mg/Ipratroplum 3ml for COPD with Acute Respiratory Distress 2/6/14 Prednisone 20 mg Zithromax ZPak 250...

doctor1 MD

Thank for asking to HCM
I can under your problem, if there is ammonia like smell in your urine this could be due to drug, but in my opinion...

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Hi , I am a 54 year old female who quit smoking about 5yrs. ago. I do have high cholesterol and is on pravastain and Tri core. I do use a inhaler...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
These are benign changes which might be relater to earlier smoking behavior

Detailed Answer:
Hi Fisler8,
Thanks for writing in to us....

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I had a nasty chest cold, probably acute bronchitis. Upon seeing my GP, I was prescribed an antibiotic and some cough medicine. He also gave me a...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Symbicort can be used for symptomatic relief.

Detailed Answer:
Thanks for posting your query.
The steroid inhalers like...

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