What is Acute pharyngitis?
Pharyngitis is the inflammation of the pharynx, a region in the back of the throat.
Like many types of inflammation, pharyngitis can be chronic or acute (quickly developing and temporary). Pharyngitis can result in very large tonsils, which cause trouble swallowing and breathing. Pharyngitis can be accompanied by a cough or fever, especially if caused by a systemic infection.
Most acute cases are caused by viral infections (40–80%), with the remainder caused by bacterial infections, fungal infections, or irritants such as pollutants or chemical substances. Treatment of viral causes is mainly symptomatic, but bacterial or fungal causes may be treated with antibiotics and anti-fungal medicines respectively.
The word comes from the Greek word pharynx meaning "throat" and the suffix -itis meaning "inflammation."
Questions and answers on "Acute pharyngitis"
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