What is Contraception?

Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy.

The most effective methods of birth control are sterilization by means of vasectomy in males and tubal ligation in females, intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implantable contraceptives. This is followed by a number of hormonal contraceptives including oral pills, patches, vaginal rings, and injections. Less effective methods include barriers such as condoms, diaphragms and contraceptive sponge and fertility awareness methods. The least effective methods are spermicides and withdrawal by the male before ejaculation. Sterilization, while highly effective, is not usually reversible; all other methods are reversible, most immediately upon stopping them. Safe sex, such as the use of male or female condoms, can also help prevent sexually transmitted infections. Emergency contraceptives can prevent pregnancy in the few days after unprotected sex. Some regard sexual abstinence as birth control, but abstinence-only sex education may increase teen pregnancies when offered without contraceptive education, due to non-compliance.

In teenagers, pregnancies are at greater risk of poor outcomes. Comprehensive sex education and access to birth control decreases the rate of unwanted pregnancies in this age group. long-acting reversible birth control such as implants, IUDs, or vaginal rings are of particular benefit in reducing rates of teenage pregnancy. After the delivery of a child, a woman who is not exclusively breastfeeding may become pregnant again after as few as four to six weeks. Some methods of birth control can be started immediately following the birth, while others require a delay of up to six months. In women who are breastfeeding, progestin-only methods are preferred over combined oral contraceptives. In women who have reached menopause, it is recommended that birth control be continued for one year after the last period.

About 222 million women who want to avoid pregnancy in developing countries are not using a modern birth control method. In the developing world women's earnings, assets, weight, and their children's schooling and health all improve with greater access to birth control.

Questions and answers on "Contraception"

Hi, I have been on my period which consists of red blood then goes to brown/clots...this has been for 7months now none stop!! I have been taken off...

doctor1 MD

Hi,Welcome to Health care magic forum.
It appears that the reason might be the anemia, infection, or some structural abnormality in the ovary, or...

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Hello. I am curious to know if my period will be lighter or shorter since I started birth control pills 2-3 days before it is supposed to start. My...

doctor1 MD

Oral contraceptive is used for profuse bleeding and long period.
With 3-4 months of courses you will be alright.
Start medicine on fifth day of...

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ive been taking tetralysal 300 for my skin and i m still taking it but ive recently been prescribed the pill but i m scared to take it incase it...

doctor1 MD

Tetyralysal belongs to a group of drugs called tetracyclines .It may intefere with the action of oral contraceptive pills and hence an additional...

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