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Which age group of people is at greatest risk for respiratory complications after surgery under anesthesia?

Which client is at greatest risk for respiratory complications after surgery under general anesthesia?
A) 45-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus type 1
B) 65-year-old woman taking a calcium channel blocker for hypertension
C) 35-year-old man who smokes two packs of cigarettes daily
D) 55-year-old man with chronic allergic rhinitis
Asked On : Wed, 10 Apr 2013
Answers:  1 Views:  41
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Internal Medicine Specialist 's  Response
Jan 2013
Thanks for posting your query.
"35-year-old man who smokes two packs of cigarettes daily" appears to be at high risk for respiratory complications as lungs are already compromised due to smoking.
Option "A" & "B" may also be at high risk in long run.
Persistent diabetes and Hypertension may cause renal shutdown by chronic kidney disease and may manifest in form of respiratory distress.
Hypertension may also cause effect on heart and lungs and may cause respiratory distress.
Chronic allergic rhinitis by involving lower respiratory tract may cause respiratory problems.
Hope that helps.
Take care,
Dr. Mayank Bhargava
Answered: Wed, 10 Apr 2013
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