Treatment for hepatitis includes bed rest, a balanced diet, and avoidance of alcohol and certain medications for at least 6 months. Hospitalization is only necessary for more serious cases, or for severe dehydration
. With respect to Hepatitis B receiving an injection of hepatitis B immune globulin within 24 hours of coming in contact with the virus may help protect you from developing hepatitis B. Patients with chronic hepatitis
B may need steroids or injections of interferon, an antiviral drug. Acute Hepatitis
B can lead to Chronic Hepatitis in 10 to 15% of cases which can further lead to Cirrhosis too.
Once you've developed chronic hepatitis B, few treatment options exist. In some cases especially if you don't have liver damage
or clinically good your doctor may suggest monitoring by Liver Profiles rather than treating. In other cases, your doctor may recommend treatment with antiviral medications. When liver damage is severe, liver transplantation
may be the only option.
Self care includes bed rest until fever and jaundice are gone, and urine color is normal. Avoid too much physical activity in the first few months. Eat small, balanced meals, using lightly carbonated soft drinks, juices, and hard candy to reduce nausea. Do not drink alcohol. Do not engage in high risk behaviors, such as intravenous drug use
or sex with multiple partners. If you have Hepatitis B, do not share food, drinks, toothbrushes, needles, or razor blades with others. Do not donate blood. The Hepatitis B vaccine
can be an effective preventive measure in 90 - 95% of healthy people.