Hi... The main cause for increase prevalence of diabetes is life style changes.. Sedentary daily activity, increase stress, improper dietary habbits, obesity are few of them to name. Adding on to these is the better diagnostic methods now.. Earlier very few people used to get their blood sugars checked and hence the chances of diagnosing diabetes was low, but now thanks to the modern day education the number of people who are getting evaluated for diabetes has increased and hence the rate of diagnosis has also increased... Is this good or bad???
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He prevalence of Type-2 diabetes mellitus is higher in women, partly related to obesity. The Type-2 diabetes typically doubles the coronary heart disease risk in men and triples in women. Diabetes Mellitus in pregnant women poses problems for the mother and the fetus. Women with established diabetes may have menstrual problems and difficulty in conceiving. While, pregnancy itself worsens diabetic control and may cause certain diabetic complications to progress in mother. Maternal diabetes is also hazardous for the fetus and carries an increased risk for fetal loss and major congenital malformations. However, nowadays most women of child bearing age can realistically expect to become mothers of healthy children with intensive glycemic control. Improvements have ranged from technological advances in fetal surveillance (ultrasound scanning) to home glucose monitoring and intensive insulin regimens, enabling women with multiple diabetic complications to have successful pregnancies. Diabetes Mellitus in pregnancy is classified into pre-gestational and gestational diabetes; gestational diabetes is defined as diabetes that is discovered during pregnancy. Approximately 7% of all pregnancies are complicated by GDM. Normal pregnancy reduces insulin sensitivity because of diabetogenic effects of placental hormones. This effect is maximal in the late second and third trimester. Gestationaldiabetes resolves after delivery, but may recur in subsequent pregnancies and the lifetime risk for developing Type-2 diabetes is 30%. Indications for detection of diabetes in pregnant women * Family history of Diabetes * Glucose in urine sample * History of unexplained prenatal loss * History of large baby * History of congenitally malformation infant * Maternal obesity * Maternal age more than 25 years * Members of ethnic/racial group with high prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus To prevent excess spontaneous abortion
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