For this, there are few causes and most common is Bartholin's Cyst which Is located midway of the labia, and protrudes into the vagina and may cause discomfort during sexual intercourse.
Bartholin's cyst is formed when a Bartholin's gland is blocked, causing a fluid-filled cyst
Bartholin's cyst is not an infection, although it can be caused by an infection, inflammation, or physical blockage (mucus or other impediments) to the Bartholin's ducts (tubes which lead from the glands to the vulva
Second, the Infected hair follicle may form a small abscess
, which can cause a small swelling, but it is associated with redness
and throbbing pain
Proper diagnosis requires a proper physical examination of the swelling in question. You might consult a gynecologist who can examine and then decide on the appropriate treatment.
Hope I have answered your query. Let me know if I can assist you further.
Dr Iven Romic Rommstein, General Surgeon