Hello doctor, I?m 36 year women having painful and bleeding after sex since 2 years. Is this sign of cervical cancer? What are the causes of cervical cancer? How is the cervical carcinoma diagnosed? What is the treatment for the same?
Painful intercourse and bleeding following that can be due to possible cervical carcinoma
Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). You get HPV by having sex with someone who has it.
You can have HPV for years and not know it. It stays in your body and can lead to cervical cancer years after you were infected. This is why it is important for you to have regular Pap tests. A Pap test can find changes in cervical cells before they turn into cancer. If you treat these cell changes, you may prevent cervical cancer.
Cervical carcinoma is diagnosed by clinical examination and pap test followed by biopsy of the cervix.
Early detection is the key for cure of cervical carcinoma. The treatment for cervical cancer includes a hysterectomy and removal of pelvic lymph nodes with or without removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Depending on how much the cancer has grown, you may have one or more treatments. And you may have a combination of treatments.