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MRI shows a broad based left foraminal disc herniation at L3, L4, bulge, ligamentum flavum hypertrophy. Meaning ?

My MRI says there is a broad based 2cm left foraminal disc herniation at. L3 L4 contributes to asymmetric high grade left sided neural foraminal narrowing. At L4 L5 there is disc desiccation and diffuse disc bulging with a 5mm are of increase T2 signal in the posterior central disc that reflects annular tear. Disc bulge and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy contribute to moderate narrowing of the central canal and with facet change, bilateral high grade neural foraminal narrowing. What does this mean and what happens if untreated?
Asked On : Mon, 15 Oct 2012
Answers:  1 Views:  352
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Neurologist 's  Response
Nov 2013
Thank you for contacting Healthcare magic.

I have reviewed your MRI findings. These findings suggest that there is compression on the lumbar nerves (nerves originating from the spinal cord in lower back region, which travel to legs), due to bulging of discs and thickening of ligaments.

This commonly causes pain in legs and lower back region.

If left untreated, the severity of pain may increase. Pain may increase further on walking.

In addition, there may be weakness or numbness in legs.

In cases of severe compression of lumbar nerves, there may be problems with control of urination.

I hope it clarifies.
Best wishes,
Dr Sudhir Kumar MD DM (Neurology)
Senior Consultant Neurologist
Answered: Thu, 18 Oct 2012
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