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How to treat thalassemia?

Hello doctor, my cousin has being diagnosed with thalassemia.i would like to know more about it. Could u tell me about its treatment, prognosis and complications?
Asked On : Thu, 22 Oct 2009
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People with severe thalassemia receive regular blood transfusions and folate supplements. People who receive the blood transfusions should avoid iron supplements and oxidative drugs such as sulfonamides, because iron levels in their bodies can become toxic. Patients who receive significant numbers of blood transfusions require treatment to remove iron from the body .Bone marrow transplant are being investigated as a treatment, and are most successful in children. In severe thalassemia, death from heart failure can occur between the ages of 20 and 30. Hyper transfusion programs or frequent transfusions with chelation therapy improve outcome. Successful bone marrow transplant is curative. Less severe forms of thalassemia usually do not shorten life span. Untreated, thalassemia major leads to heart failure and liver problems, as well as susceptibility to infection. Iron overload as a side effect of treatment can cause damage to the heart, liver, and endocrine systems. This complication is managed by daily injections of an iron chelating agent, which binds to iron and causes it to be released from the body in the urine.
Answered: Fri, 30 Oct 2009
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