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ECO test revealed M-modeprolapse of mitral leaflets. Meaning?

I took ECO test and following are the results. M-mode examination revealed prolapse of mitral leaflets. Aortic root is normal in size. Dimensions of left atrium , left ventricle and right ventricle are normal. 2-D imaging in PLAX, SAX and apical revealed normal LV with normal contractions. No LV regional wall motion abnormality. RV is normal in size with adequate contraction. mIld PRolapse of AMVL is seen. aortic valve has three cusps and it s opening is not restricted. Pulmonary valve is normal. No intracardiac mass or thrombus is seen. No pericardial pathology is observed. Estimated LV ejection fraction is approximately 63%. Please advise treatment . YYYY@YYYY
Asked On : Sun, 10 Mar 2013
Answers:  2 Views:  36
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Internal Medicine Specialist 's  Response
hello, welcome to HCM,

Mitral valve prolapse is a condition in which one of the valves in the heart, called the mitral valve, doesn’t close normally . The mitral valve is made up of 2 flaps. In mitral valve prolapse, 1 or both flaps don’t close in the correct way.

When the heart valves work normally, they keep blood flowing in only 1 direction. The mitral valve normally keeps blood flowing from the left atrium to the left ventricle .

When the mitral valve flaps don’t close correctly, blood can leak backward in the wrong direction. When blood leaks backward from the left ventricle to the left atrium, we call it “mitral regurgitation.” Some patients with mitral valve prolapse have mitral regurgitation.

Many people with mitral valve prolapse have no symptoms.

Some people with mitral valve prolapse have symptoms such as chest pain, feeling their heart beating fast or hard, fainting, or feeling dizzy.

reatment depends on how severe the mitral valve prolapse is and whether it is causing problems.

People with mild mitral valve prolapse and mild mitral regurgitation might not need any treatment. But their doctor will follow their condition to see if it worsens and needs treatment later on.

People with severe mitral regurgitation might need surgery. During surgery, the doctor will fix or replace the mitral valve.

Answered: Sun, 10 Mar 2013
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Critical Care Specialist Dr. Arshad Hussain's  Response
Well come to health care magic
Dear patient you have got what we call mitral vavle prolapse , it is a benign condition ,uasully don't cause any problem and more over your ECHO report does not mention any mitral regurtation due to mitral valve prolapse so you should not worry about it at all. Rarerly it may cause some sort of chest pain , palpitations or may develpe infective endocarditis when the cardiologists prescribe some beta blockers and infective endocarditis prophylaxis, other wise there is no treatement required
Good luck'
Dr Arshad
Answered: Sun, 10 Mar 2013
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