Hello and welcome to HCM
Before explaining you the interpretation of X-ray report of your mother, I would like to give you a brief introduction.
There are seven cervical vertebrae
in the neck region.
With ageing various degenerative changes take place in the joints due to wear and tear. This wear and tear causes destruction of cartilage
which is a structure capping the appositional surfaces of the joints. There is deposition of calcium at sites where it is not normally found like ligament (nuchal ligament in your mother's case). Destruction of cartilage causes rubbing of bony surfaces and subsequent destruction/ Osteophytes are formed secondary to this destructive process.
This entire sequelae of destructive changes is termed OSTEOARTHITIS.
Now, this degenerative and destructive process is involving the cervical vertebrae 5 and 6.
You need to visit your orthopaedician for treatment of symptoms. It is not possible to reverse the changes but the progression can be slowed down.
Thanks and take care
Dr Shailja P Wahal