Hello. Welcome to Healthcare Magic. I'm Dr. Christensen.
is caused by an immune reaction to the pigment cells in a person's skin. It can occur as an isolated phenomenon -- that is, it can occur when there are no other autoimmune diseases present -- or it can be part of another autoimmune disorder, such as type 1 diabetes
or rheumatoid arthritis
According to the American Vitiligo Research Foundation, most cases of vitiligo develop in individuals between the ages of 10 and 30 years, but it can occur in infants, too. In fact, some babies are born with vitiligo. Family history is one risk factor for vitiligo, but an infant can develop vitiligo when other family members don't have the condition.
Now, if there has been some inflammation and exfoliation on this baby's neck, this may not be vitiligo at all. Inflammation can temporarily lead to blanching or darkening of the skin. Blanching due to inflammation is called post-inflammatory hypopigmentation
, while darkening is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
. Such changes in skin color due to inflammation can last for several weeks to several months, and occasionally they are permanent.
Since it isn't possible to diagnose a skin disorder without an examination, this baby should be seen by his or her pediatrician
to determine the cause of these pigment changes.
I hope that answers your question.