is a common feature of many of the diseases that affect the brain. Atrophy of any tissue means a decrement in the size of cells.Brain tissue atrophy i.e.cerebral atrophy describes a loss of neurons and the connections between the brain cells. Atrophy can be generalized, which means that all of the brain has shrunk; or it can be focal, affecting only a limited area of the brain and resulting in a decrease of the functions that area of the brain controls.
Many diseases that cause cerebral atrophy are associated with progressive impairment of memory and intellectual function.
Some of the common causes of stroke are:--
Stroke and traumatic brain injury
Senile dementia (age related)
Fronto-temporal dementia, and
Infectious diseases, such as encephalitis
, and AIDS,
Diabetes usually do not cause cerebral atrophy directly.It is the multiple tiny infarcts in brain that lead to cerebral atrophy.Diabetes and hypertension
are risk factors for stroke or infarcts hence it leads to cerebral atrophy gradually.
Mild cerebral atrophy can cause symptoms like mild memory loss
,interfere with social and work skills,decreased ability to learn,seizures.
There is no cure for cerebral atrophy. Once brain cells have been lost, the damage is permanent. Treatment for cerebral atrophy focuses on treating the symptoms and complications of cerebral atrophy.
So it is important to keep blood pressure and sugar in control to avoid or slow down progression of cerebral atrophy further.Continue treatment with your neurologist
with keeping things facts in mind.
Hope this answer will help you better.
Have good health.