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Wht is pathophysiology,symptoms,complications and treatment of TURP?

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Posted on Tue, 11 Mar 2014
Question: Hi There, Pleaase give the following details in laymans terms including the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, complications and treatment. 1. TURP 2. Hysterectomy ( type of operations done such as laparotomy__?_or _?___ (3 to 4 holes made) ; ddon't know how it is called 3. BSO ( Bliateral Salpingoooperectomy) LSO (Left) RSO (Right) 4. Cholecystectomy 5. Appendectomy 6. Mastectomy 7. Ortho surgeries 8. Spinal Anesthesia (tell something 9. What is the term used to call for assessing the skin? DERMA______ Assessment I will attached a sample answer from one of the doctors for your reference. I am asking for help with regards to the following diseases . If you could explain in layman's terms of their pathophysiology , signs and symptoms, complications and treatments. 1. Health history: Breast CA (Chemotherapy) 2. Diagnosis: Fibroids 3. Operations done: Total abdominal Hysterectomy with Bilateral salpphingo-Oophorectomy Thank you.
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Answered by Dr. Raju A.T (4 days later)
Brief Answer: Details explained below Detailed Answer: Hi, Thanks for your query. Sorry for the delay in answering. The names you have mentioned are names of the surgical procedures, I will try to explain them in easily understandable headings. --Indications = Why is the surgery done --Procedure = How is the procedure done --Complications= side effects of the procedure I shall explain one after the other. 1. TURP- Trans urethral resection of prostate Indication = benign Prostatic hypertrophy, it is a condition wherein the prostate gland in male aged more than 60 years increases in size. This happens due to decreased levels of testosterone. This causes obstruction to the urine flow Procedure = A endoscpy, a wire with a camera fixed at one end along with cutting instrument is passed into the urethra and the gland is cut from the inside and removed in chunks. Complications = Bleeding from the operated site, blood clot blocking the urine passage 2. Hysterectomy Indication = Uterine cancer, increased menstrual bleeding or any other tumors in uterus. Procedure = removal of the uterus either by cutting the abdomen (Laprotomy) or through vaginal route. Also sometimes with combined laproscopy using a camera through 2 or three holes and extraction of the uterus from the vagina. Complications = Herinia 3. BSO ( Bliateral Salpingo-ooperectomy) LSO (Left) RSO (Right) Indications = Ovarian cancer, hormonal diseases Procedure = BSO removal of both the ovaries LSO left ovary removal only RSO right ovary only. This can be done by laprotomy or with assistance of laproscopy. Complications = Absence of hormone in case of BSO 4. Cholecystectomy Indication = Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gall bladder) , Cholelithiasis (Stones in the gall bladder ) Procedure = Removal of the gall bladder either by laprotomy or laproscopy Complications = Stricture, adhesion of the tissue around the surgical site. 5. Appendectomy Indications= Appendicitis- Infection of inflammation of the appedendix Procedure = Removal of the appendix either by laprotomy or laproscopy Complications = adhesion of the tissue around the surgical site. 6. Mastectomy Indications = Early stage breast cancer procedure = Cutting and removal of a part or entire breast tissue. Complications = scars 7. Ortho surgeries Bone surgeries indicated in bone diseases. 8. Spinal Anesthesia Spinal anaesthesia is induced by injecting small amounts of local anaesthetic into the cerebro-spinal fluid. The injection is usually made in the lumbar spine below the level at which the spinal cord ends. It is done in surgeries of the lower limb, abdomen, and pelvis (The lower segment of the body) 9. What is the term used to call for assessing the skin? DERMATOLOGICAL Assessment Answer to the other set of questions== 1. Health history: Breast CA (Chemotherapy) Late stage breast cancer where surgery like mastectomy does not show success. Chemotherapy ==treating cancer with medication which kills the cancer cells. 2. Diagnosis: Fibroids Uterine fibroids are noncancerous (benign) tumors that develop in the womb (uterus). 3. Operations done: Total abdominal Hysterectomy with Bilateral salphingo-Oophorectomy Removal of entire uterus and both the ovaries through abdomen by laprotomy. Hope, I answered your query. Wish you good health. regards,
Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Chakravarthy Mazumdar
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Follow up: Dr. Raju A.T (34 hours later)
Thank you.
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Answered by Dr. Raju A.T (12 hours later)
Brief Answer: You are welcome Detailed Answer: Thanks for using this service. regards,
Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Chakravarthy Mazumdar
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Dr. Raju A.T

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Practicing since :2008

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Wht is pathophysiology,symptoms,complications and treatment of TURP?

Brief Answer: Details explained below Detailed Answer: Hi, Thanks for your query. Sorry for the delay in answering. The names you have mentioned are names of the surgical procedures, I will try to explain them in easily understandable headings. --Indications = Why is the surgery done --Procedure = How is the procedure done --Complications= side effects of the procedure I shall explain one after the other. 1. TURP- Trans urethral resection of prostate Indication = benign Prostatic hypertrophy, it is a condition wherein the prostate gland in male aged more than 60 years increases in size. This happens due to decreased levels of testosterone. This causes obstruction to the urine flow Procedure = A endoscpy, a wire with a camera fixed at one end along with cutting instrument is passed into the urethra and the gland is cut from the inside and removed in chunks. Complications = Bleeding from the operated site, blood clot blocking the urine passage 2. Hysterectomy Indication = Uterine cancer, increased menstrual bleeding or any other tumors in uterus. Procedure = removal of the uterus either by cutting the abdomen (Laprotomy) or through vaginal route. Also sometimes with combined laproscopy using a camera through 2 or three holes and extraction of the uterus from the vagina. Complications = Herinia 3. BSO ( Bliateral Salpingo-ooperectomy) LSO (Left) RSO (Right) Indications = Ovarian cancer, hormonal diseases Procedure = BSO removal of both the ovaries LSO left ovary removal only RSO right ovary only. This can be done by laprotomy or with assistance of laproscopy. Complications = Absence of hormone in case of BSO 4. Cholecystectomy Indication = Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gall bladder) , Cholelithiasis (Stones in the gall bladder ) Procedure = Removal of the gall bladder either by laprotomy or laproscopy Complications = Stricture, adhesion of the tissue around the surgical site. 5. Appendectomy Indications= Appendicitis- Infection of inflammation of the appedendix Procedure = Removal of the appendix either by laprotomy or laproscopy Complications = adhesion of the tissue around the surgical site. 6. Mastectomy Indications = Early stage breast cancer procedure = Cutting and removal of a part or entire breast tissue. Complications = scars 7. Ortho surgeries Bone surgeries indicated in bone diseases. 8. Spinal Anesthesia Spinal anaesthesia is induced by injecting small amounts of local anaesthetic into the cerebro-spinal fluid. The injection is usually made in the lumbar spine below the level at which the spinal cord ends. It is done in surgeries of the lower limb, abdomen, and pelvis (The lower segment of the body) 9. What is the term used to call for assessing the skin? DERMATOLOGICAL Assessment Answer to the other set of questions== 1. Health history: Breast CA (Chemotherapy) Late stage breast cancer where surgery like mastectomy does not show success. Chemotherapy ==treating cancer with medication which kills the cancer cells. 2. Diagnosis: Fibroids Uterine fibroids are noncancerous (benign) tumors that develop in the womb (uterus). 3. Operations done: Total abdominal Hysterectomy with Bilateral salphingo-Oophorectomy Removal of entire uterus and both the ovaries through abdomen by laprotomy. Hope, I answered your query. Wish you good health. regards,