Details explained below
Thanks for your query.
Sorry for the delay in answering.
The names you have mentioned are names of the surgical procedures, I will try to explain them in easily understandable headings.
--Indications = Why is the surgery done
--Procedure = How is the procedure done
--Complications= side effects of the procedure
I shall explain one after the other.
1. TURP- Trans urethral resection of prostate
Indication = benign Prostatic hypertrophy
, it is a condition wherein the prostate gland in male aged more than 60 years increases in size. This happens due to decreased levels of testosterone. This causes obstruction to the urine flow
Procedure = A endoscpy, a wire with a camera fixed at one end along with cutting instrument is passed into the urethra and the gland is cut from the inside and removed in chunks.
Complications = Bleeding from the operated site, blood clot blocking the urine passage
Indication = Uterine cancer
, increased menstrual bleeding or any other tumors in uterus.
Procedure = removal of the uterus either by cutting the abdomen (Laprotomy)
or through vaginal route. Also sometimes with combined laproscopy using a camera through 2 or three holes and extraction of the uterus from the vagina.
Complications = Herinia
3. BSO ( Bliateral Salpingo-ooperectomy)
Indications = Ovarian cancer
, hormonal diseases
Procedure = BSO removal of both the ovaries
LSO left ovary removal only
RSO right ovary only. This can be done by laprotomy or with assistance of laproscopy.
Complications = Absence of hormone in case of BSO
Indication = Cholecystitis
(inflammation of the gall bladder) , Cholelithiasis
(Stones in the gall bladder )
Procedure = Removal of the gall bladder either by laprotomy or laproscopy
Complications = Stricture, adhesion of the tissue around the surgical site.
Indications= Appendicitis- Infection of inflammation of the appedendix
Procedure = Removal of the appendix either by laprotomy or laproscopy
Complications = adhesion of the tissue around the surgical site.
Indications = Early stage breast cancer
procedure = Cutting and removal of a part or entire breast tissue.
Complications = scars
7. Ortho surgeries
Bone surgeries indicated in bone diseases.
8. Spinal Anesthesia
is induced by injecting small amounts of local anaesthetic
into the cerebro-spinal fluid. The injection is usually made in the lumbar spine below the level at which the spinal cord ends. It is done in surgeries of the lower limb, abdomen, and pelvis (The lower segment of the body)
9. What is the term used to call for assessing the skin? DERMATOLOGICAL Assessment
Answer to the other set of questions==
1. Health history: Breast CA (Chemotherapy)
Late stage breast cancer where surgery like mastectomy does not show success. Chemotherapy ==treating cancer with medication which kills the cancer cells.
2. Diagnosis: Fibroids
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous (benign) tumors that develop in the womb (uterus).
3. Operations done: Total abdominal Hysterectomy with Bilateral salphingo-Oophorectomy
Removal of entire uterus and both the ovaries through abdomen by laprotomy.
Hope, I answered your query.
Wish you good health.