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What precautions should be taken to avoid heart problems?

Jan 2013
User rating for this question
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Answered by

Internal Medicine Specialist
Practicing since : 2003
Answered : 1658 Questions
what precautions to take to avoid heart problems.
Posted Thu, 23 Aug 2012 in Hypertension and Heart Disease
Answered by Dr. Mayank Bhargava 46 minutes later
Thanks for posting your query.
1) Smoking or using tobacco is one of the most significant risk factors for developing heart disease so don't smoke or use tobacco. Chemicals in tobacco can damage your heart and blood vessels, leading to narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Nicotine in cigarette smoke makes your heart work harder by narrowing your blood vessels and increasing your heart rate and blood pressure.
2) Avoid taking birth control pills.
3) Getting some regular, daily exercise can reduce your risk of fatal heart disease. Try getting at least 30 to 60 minutes of moderately intense physical activity most days of the week. Physical activity helps you control your weight.
4) Stress reduction techniques -- laughter in particular-- reduce the risk of heart disease.
5) Drinking tea and eating antioxidant foods can also protect you against heart disease.
6) Control diabetes, blood pressure and keep your lipid profile in control range.
7) Heart-healthy diet:
a) Balance calorie intake and physical activity to achieve or maintain a healthy
body weight.
b) Eat a diet XXXXXXX in a variety of vegetables and fruits. Vegetables and fruits that
are deeply colored (such as spinach, carrots, peaches, and berries) are
especially recommended.
c) Choose whole-grain, high-fiber foods.
d) Eat fish, especially oily fish, at least twice a week. Oily fish such as salmon,
sardines are XXXXXXX in the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and
docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Consumption of these fatty acids is linked to
reduced risk of sudden death and death from coronary artery disease.
e) Limit daily intake of saturated fat (found mostly in animal products) to less
than 7% of total calories.
f) Use decrease amount of salt in your foods.
g) Cut down on beverages and foods that contain added sugars.
h) If you consume alcohol, do so in moderation. The AHA recommends limiting
alcohol to no more than 2 drinks per day for men and 1 drink per day for
I think this will solve your query.
Best regards,
Dr. Mayank Bhargava
Above answer was peer-reviewed by
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