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What is the cause and treatment for vertigo?

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Posted on Fri, 11 Jul 2014
Question: hi Doctor, why does vertigo occur, if it frequents what is the root cause and what should be the treatment.
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Answered by Dr. Shanti Vennam (43 minutes later)
Brief Answer:
Detailed below.

Detailed Answer:
Hi Ms. XXXXXXX

Thanks for posting your query.

Vertigo has several causes and is mainly classed into central and peripheral. While central causes are due to derangement in the brain or spinal cord, peripheral vertigo occurs due to anomalous function in the inner ear.

Investigation should be guided to locate the exact cause and treatment planned thereupon. Head injuries, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and use of certain medications like anti-depressants and aspirin increase the risk for vertigo. Meniere's disease, infections of the inner ear, basilar artery migraine, multiple sclerosis, stroke or tumors of the brain also may cause vertigo.

Treatment is based on the cause located after a proper diagnosis. Most often, proper positioning of the head and rehabilitation exercises help. Medications are also available for treatment. Some of the vertigo attacks resolve spontaneously while others need active management.

Hope your query has been answered. Please feel free to contact for any more clarifications. I will be happy to help.

regards,
Shanti.V.


Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Chakravarthy Mazumdar
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Answered by
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Dr. Shanti Vennam

OBGYN

Practicing since :1989

Answered : 7619 Questions

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What is the cause and treatment for vertigo?

Brief Answer: Detailed below. Detailed Answer: Hi Ms. XXXXXXX Thanks for posting your query. Vertigo has several causes and is mainly classed into central and peripheral. While central causes are due to derangement in the brain or spinal cord, peripheral vertigo occurs due to anomalous function in the inner ear. Investigation should be guided to locate the exact cause and treatment planned thereupon. Head injuries, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and use of certain medications like anti-depressants and aspirin increase the risk for vertigo. Meniere's disease, infections of the inner ear, basilar artery migraine, multiple sclerosis, stroke or tumors of the brain also may cause vertigo. Treatment is based on the cause located after a proper diagnosis. Most often, proper positioning of the head and rehabilitation exercises help. Medications are also available for treatment. Some of the vertigo attacks resolve spontaneously while others need active management. Hope your query has been answered. Please feel free to contact for any more clarifications. I will be happy to help. regards, Shanti.V.