What Is Stasis Dermatitis ?
I have not seen my 86 year old grandmother in a week because I had surgery. When I saw her tonight, her feet and ankles were swollen and the skin on the top of her feet and around her ankles was turning dark and it was scaly - she is caucasian. She said her ankle was sore, but she couldn't remember hitting anything. The skin darkness did not look like bruising to me. I had planned to take her to a doctor tomorrow morning, but should I take her to the emergency room tonight?
Sometimes in elderly patients the veins in the legs are not able to pump blood back to the heart very efficiently. This can lead to some swelling in the legs which can eventually lead to some skin changes as well. We sometimes call this "stasis dermatitis." Let me reassure you that this does not sound like an emergent situation here.
I would recommend you elevate her legs as much as possible - even when she is laying flat - a pillow or two under her legs will facilitate blood flow back to the heart from the legs.
As to why the fluid seems to have built up recently, yes the veins are one part of it but the heart and overall volume status of her body is important to consider. If she has been taking in more fluids than average lately this may lead her to be more predisposed to fluid retention. High salt content of the diet may also lead to more retention of fluids.
Lastly, I would recommend she see a physician tomorrow for an exam which will include listening to her heart and lungs as well as a vital sign check including blood pressure. One potential option is that the doctor may prescribe a diuretic which she can either use daily or as needed if swelling occurs in the legs.
I hope this information has been helpful to you. I am available for your followups.
It may suffice to bring her to a drop-in clinic although they will likely not be able to comprehensively provide you with an assessment and recommendation regarding her health and medication regimen. They may, however, be able to provide something such as a diuretic to help relieve some of the extra fluid. A geriatric specialist would be an excellent type of physician for her and I urge you to follow through and have her attend that appointment. Again, I hope I have been helpful to you.
I wish you all the best and continued good health.