• question-icon

    What causes pain and swelling in the knees?

Posted on Tue, 31 Oct 2017 in Bones, Muscles and Joints
Question: Hi,

I have been having knee pain with minor swelling near my medial meniscus/patella. I can feel a few bumps in there that are sore. What could this be?
Answered by Dr. T Chandrakant 2 hours later
Brief Answer:
Please give additional information and post actual photographs if possible.

Detailed Answer:
Thanks for your query, albeit short and specific.

To recapitulate: Female/42 - consulted a Doctor - no medications tried - knee pain - minor swelling near medial meniscus/patella - sore few bumps can be felt - want to know what these could be ...

Please give few additional information for me to assist you better:

Since when are the symptoms and bumps present?
Any history of direct or indirect trauma like slipping, twisting, accident or so?
Is the pain on the outer side of the knee or within it?
Any crepitus while moving the knee joint?
Which side - right or left?
Any other problems like diabetes or any other medical condition?

Please give these details as this help to pinpoint the diagnosis and allow the further investigations if needed for confirmation and plan of management.

If the swelling or bumps are visible, please post clear and focused photos of both knees for comparison as this help sometimes for on-the-spot diagnosis. Please upload/attach photos if possible.

Awaiting your feedback...

Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Arnab Banerjee
Follow up: Dr. T Chandrakant 58 minutes later
No recent injuries that I can think but in 1992, I ran full speed into a fence playing softball and this knee (left) took the blunt of the trauma. Then I reinjured it sliding when steeling bases in 1994. The bumps aren’t visible from the skin or by picture but can feel them and they seem to be above the medial meniscus. It is swollen with tenderness. Also, over the last several months my knee has locked up briefly about 4 times going down the stairs. Then during the night, I have some stabbing pains what feels to be beneath the patella. I’ve already had meniscus surgery on my right knee to remove a piece that was torn and not ablle to fix. I am not sure what caused that tear. I’m guessing years of playing softball.
Answered by Dr. T Chandrakant 12 minutes later
Brief Answer:
As detailed below.

Detailed Answer:
Thanks for your feedback.

Injuries way back in 1992 and 1994 may not be the cause after such a long time for the left side knee problem and you have had surgery on the right side.

Since there is a history of locking up of the left knee 4 times while going down the stairs indicate internal problems too which may have caused the synovial membrane inflammation and/or bursitis to give the swelling and tender palpable lump superficially as these can be palpated.

There can be cyst formation in the affected areas.

The only way to have confirmation of the exact diagnosis is to go for high-resolution ultrasonography and an MRI study so that further management can be planned.

Till then take care not to put more strain on the joint.
Use protective and supportive kneecaps.
Avoid any movements that can cause more trauma and inflammation.
Use support while going up or down the stairs.
Take an anti-inflammatory medication which suits you for swelling and pain.

I hope this answer helps you.
Please get the investigations done and give the feedback about the progress, reports, and management accordingly.

With regards

Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Arnab Banerjee
Answered by
Dr. T Chandrakant

General Surgeon

Practicing since :1984

Answered : 18102 Questions


The User accepted the expert's answer

Share on

Recent questions on  Synovial membrane

doctor1 MD

Dear sir, 2 weeks back i felt down when i was ridding a bike I got injured in my left shoulder doctor advise me ,nothing wrong everything fine no...

doctor1 MD

What cause bone marrow edema ? My mri found 9 mm region of bone edema on iliac part of si joint on the left side I’m concerneed it might be...

doctor1 MD

hi, my mum has a chronic cough and she coughs up a substance resembling 'albummin'. I was wondering if it were possible to vough up synovial fluid?...

doctor1 MD

Hi, I have a pea sized lump in my muscle just below the knee. The lump ia under the skin. I have noticed it since two weeks, it pains only when...

doctor1 MD

Dear sir, I have right knee swelling problem , it often comes and goes (four times) when ever it comes I feel feverish.with MRI it found that there...

doctor1 MD

Hi I punched a door about 2 months ago and after all my hand swelling and goin down there's a lump left on my knuckle where my middle finger meets...

Get personalised answers from verified doctor in minutes across 80+ specialties

150 Doctors Online

By proceeding, I accept the Terms and Conditions

HCM Blog Instant Access to Doctors
HCM Blog Questions Answered
HCM Blog Satisfaction
Questions Answered By Dr. T Chandrakant
  • Q - Suggest treatment for severe pain in foot from hip to toe

  • Q - Suggest treatment for gall bladder stones

  • Q - What causes pain and bleeding post rectocele repair surgery?

  • Q - Suggest treatment for gastritis

  • Q - What causes chest pain and abdominal pain?

  • Q - What does this ultrasonongraphy report indicate?

  • Q - What causes whitish color of outside of urethra?

  • Q - What causes skin growth on buttocks oozing pus?

  • Q - What does this EKG report indicate?

  • Q - Suggest treatment for darkened glans penis