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    What are the signs of autism spectrum disorder?

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Posted on Mon, 24 Jul 2017 in Brain and Spine
Question: Wat is the symptoms of 2 years old boy to say He s mentally retarded or autistic .Should he have all the symptoms or any one also danger
doctor
Answered by Dr. Erion Spaho 1 hour later
Brief Answer:
No single sign or test is sufficient about autism.

Detailed Answer:
Hello and thanks for using HCM.

I have read your question and understand your concerns.

Early signs of autism spectrum disorder ( first two years ) include:

1. Social interaction impairment ( the child does not respond to his/her name, doesn't show objects to people, copies what he/she sees or hears from others or TV, doesn't understand simple instructions).

2. Nonverbal communications (doesn't smile to caregivers, doesn't use gestures on his own, doesn't use eye contact to get someone’s attention ).

3. Relationships and play (doesn’t start games, doesn't show interest in other children).

4. Restricted interests (shows interest in certain objects, interacts with toys and objects in only one way,

5. Repetitive movements (the child repeats body movements).

6. Sensory sensitivities (is extremely sensitive to sensory experiences, seeks sensory stimulations), etc.

Just one of these changes doesn't mean that the child is autistic.

There is no single test or single sign to diagnose autism spectrum disorder, multidisciplinary assessment is necessary ( evaluation by a pediatrician or child psychiatrist, a psychologist and a speech pathologist ).

If in doubt get an opinion from appropriate specialists.

Hope you found the answer helpful.

Let me know if I can assist you further.

Take care.




Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Nagamani Ng
doctor
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Follow up: Dr. Erion Spaho 1 hour later
He does not respond to name but responds some time wen we instrucr he will not do apart from that he have eye contact very active playful smiles at other kids play with different toys use gestures since he didn't start to speak play with balls vessels car not too sensitive to sounds and he use to tv for more time
doctor
Answered by Dr. Erion Spaho 21 hours later
Brief Answer:
I don't think it is autism.

Detailed Answer:
Hello again.

Just that problem doesn't mean that autism is the diagnosis.

Generally the dysfunction includes more fields of behavior such those mentioned in our previous conversation.

If in doubt, consider consulting appropriate specialists.

Hope this helps.

Take care.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Kampana
doctor
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Follow up: Dr. Erion Spaho 11 minutes later
Sir just I had done with BETA test and technician said some variation s there but he said he does know to evaluate .My question is he can hear mild sound loss in case of any deviation is it treatable sir
doctor
Answered by Dr. Erion Spaho 10 hours later
Brief Answer:
please upload/Post the test results here.

Detailed Answer:
Welcome back.

As I mentioned before, not a single test or single symptom is diagnostic for autism.

In psychophysiological testing auditory over selectivity may be seen, sp please upload/post the test results in order for me to get a correct understanding and to give you a specific answer.

Awaiting...


Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Arnab Banerjee
doctor
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Follow up: Dr. Erion Spaho 32 minutes later
Please find the report
doctor
Answered by Dr. Erion Spaho 10 hours later
Brief Answer:
Brain MRI is necessary.

Detailed Answer:
Welcome back.

Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (or BERA) is mainly used for the evaluation of the hearing threshold and diagnosing retrocochlear lesions, it is not a typical test for autism.

In the test you uploaded is seen an asymmetry between two sides, in such case, a brain MRI is necessary to understand better the diagnosis.

Hope I helped you.

In good health.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Kampana
doctor
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Follow up: Dr. Erion Spaho 47 minutes later
Thanks doctor Why do we need to do MRI whether is to check hearing disability
doctor
Answered by Dr. Erion Spaho 41 minutes later
Brief Answer:
MRI to understand the cause of hearing impairment.

Detailed Answer:
Hello again.

MRI is necessary to understand better the cause of hearing impairment ( for example a swelling of the hearing nerve, compression, problems with inner or middle ear ).

Hope this helps.

Take care.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Kampana
doctor
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Follow up: Dr. Erion Spaho 26 minutes later
I took his report n shown to neurologist she didn't check my baby .He was hyper active going here n there by seeing that she's saying autism .How hyper active alone confirms autism
doctor
Answered by Dr. Erion Spaho 1 hour later
Brief Answer:
Hyperactivity alone doesn't confirm autism.

Detailed Answer:
Hello again.

As I mentioned previously no single test or symptom may be diagnostic about autism.

I think other causes of hearing impairment should be evaluated and excluded first and a brain MRI is necessary for this purpose.

Multidisciplinary evaluation is necessary to diagnose autism.

Hope I helped you so far.

Kind regards.


Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Kampana
doctor
Answered by
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Dr. Erion Spaho

Neurologist, Surgical

Practicing since :2004

Answered : 3852 Questions

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