Due to osteoarthritis
Thanks for posting your query.
According to the symptoms the pain that your mother is having is likely to be due to osteoarthritis with osteoporosis
. I will advise you to get her standing X ray knees and if required MRI scan can be done. Other investigations needed are Serum B12 and Serum Vit D levels and start supplements according to the levels.
If there is severe destruction of menisci then arthroscopic shaving can be done.Physiotherapy
and TENS will help, along with knee exercises
For level of osteoporosis DEXA scan can be done to start proper medications.
Life style changes will help in reducing pain which include,
LOAD REDUCTION: Protecting the joints from excessive load may slow down the rate of cartilage
loss. It is also effective in relieving pain. Avoiding activities like climbing stairs and using a walking stick are worthwhile.
ACTIVITY MODIFICATION –
USING CANES: Assistive devices can make it easier to go about your day without stressing the painful joint. A cane may take weight off her knee or hip as she walks. Carry the cane in the hand opposite the leg that hurts.
VISCOSUPPLEMENTATION: Hyaluronic acid
injections given into the joint (especially large joints like knee joint) in prescribed dosages will give good short term pain relief in arthritic joints ranging from 1-2 years.
You can consult an orthopaedic surgeon
at Apollo or Fortis XXXXXXX
Many of my patients do get relief by yoga - pranayama and XXXXXXX XXXXXXX She can start with these under the guidance of an expert.
If your mother takes medicine for osteoporosis, she will also need to get enough calcium and vitamin D, eat a healthy diet, and exercise regularly. A large part of treating or reducing the effects of osteoporosis is getting enough calcium and vitamin D.
I hope this answers your query.
In case you have additional questions or doubts, you can forward them to me, and I shall be glad to help you out.
Wishing you good health.
Dr. Praveen Tayal.
For future query, you can directly approach me through my profile URL http://bit.ly/Dr-Praveen-Tayal