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How does the body maintain homeostatic during initial response to hypovolemic?

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how dose the body maintain homeostatic during initial response to hypovolemic
Posted Mon, 4 Nov 2013 in Hypertension and Heart Disease
Answered by Dr. Luchuo Engelbert Bain 1 hour later
Brief Answer:
Reflex mechanisms do exist detailed below.

Detailed Answer:
Hi and thanks for the query,

when blood volume decreases (hypovolemia), the body reacts in a numerous ways to keep this volume low.

The first consequence is that a low volume decreases blood pressure. A decrease in blood pressure is perceived at specific baroreceptor sites at the level of the carotid arteries. Impulses are sent to the brain and this is then accompanied by an increase in the Heart rate (rapid pulse and at times palpitations).

Low blood volume also causes blood vessels constriction at all low levels. This leads to decreased urine loss (low urination, at times absence of urination). The thisrt centre located in the brain called the hypothalamus is also stimulated. this is then followed by an increase in thirst, in order to drink and compensate for the low volume and increase blood volume.

The skin blood vessels also constrict to avoid excessive water loss through sweating.

These are the main initial protective reflex reactions that the body produces when faced with low blood volumes (hypovolemia).

Feel free asking follow up questions in case you have any specific questions. Thanks and kind regards.

Bain LE, MD
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