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High blood sugar, taking insulin. Unable to put on weight. What diet should I take?

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Dietitian & Nutritionist
Practicing since : 2003
Answered : 123 Questions
I am 31 year old Male and i am diabetic,currently my blood sugar were high as much as 300 plus and My regular doc has asked me to take insulin 16 MG per day.The question is i have lost weight about 6 to 8 kgs and i am unable to put on weight I look skinny now.Please advise what diet should i take and i have started 40 mins every day on the treadmill.
Posted Tue, 18 Sep 2012 in Diet Plans
Answered by Grace Abraham 1 hour later

Thanks for posting your query.

Here are some recommendations which are to be followed by a Diabetic Patient.

The main Objectives of Diabetic diet are:
1. No fasting or No feasting;
2. To maintain adequate nutrition;
3. To achieve and maintain desirable body weight.
4. To maintain normal blood sugar levels.
5. To prevent, delay or minimize the onset of chronic degenerative complications.
6. It is important to control the amount and time of food intake. Take six small meals instead of three big meals which are equally time spaced.

Foods to be avoided: Glucose, sugars, honey, jaggery, all sweets, chocolates, ice creams and candies.
Foods to be restricted: ( Not to be taken more than once in a week) Vegetables like Potatoes, yam, arbi, sweet potatoes; Fruits like mango, bananas, sapota, seethaphal, jackfruit and avocado. Alcoholic beverages, carbonated beverages, fried foods, Dry fruits and nuts, salad dressings like mayonnaise, cream , cakes and pastries, Tender coconut water, Refined flours like maida, Papad, Pickle, soda bicarbonate, MSG, sauces, Ketchup’s, etc. Non-vegetarian diet like Red meats, organ meats (liver, kidney), shell fish like prawns, crabs, lobster and egg yolk.

Foods to be used freely: XXXXXXX leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumber. Radish, carrot, homemade soups. Tea, Coffee without sugar, skimmed milk, buttermilk, Whole wheat flour, Ragi, Corn flakes, Wheat flakes, etc. Artificial sweeteners not more than 4 numbers/pellets per day. Only one fruit allowed in a day.

Try to follow the below advises:
- Restrict rice to one meal in a day, which includes idli, dosa, appam etc.
- Have an early morning snack like Tea without sugar along with two fiber biscuits and a late night snack like a glass of Skimmed Milk without sugar or a fruit
- Try to have an early dinner, preferably wheat dosa, chapathi without oil, broken wheat upma prepared with vegetables, or Ragi dosa and avoid rice or any rice preparation.
- Use more of fibre XXXXXXX foods in the diet, like raw vegetables, sprouts, Whole legumes like channa, Rajma, etc.
- Have a light evening snack like Poha (aval upma), one idli with sambar, wheat bread vegetable sandwich- 2 slices or boiled legumes.
- Take six small meals instead of three big meals which are equally time spaced.
- Include XXXXXXX Leafy vegetables at least twice in a week
- Avoid red meat, preferably use skin out chicken or fish in a curry form without coconut in the preparation
- Restrict groundnut or coconut chutney, include onion, tomato, mint or coriander chutney
- Daily physical activity of 30 - 45 minutes in a day is recommended.

Diet Modification and daily physical activity are important in regulation of the blood sugar levels .Your weight will gradually increase if your blood sugars levels are under control.

Hope I answered your query.

Grace Abraham.
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