Get your Health question answered in 3 easy steps
A Doctor will be with you shortly
Ask a Doctor Now
175 Doctors are Online

HIV antibody test by ICMA with western blot confirmation. Meaning?

User rating for this question
Very Good
Answered by

Infectious Diseases Specialist
Practicing since : 2002
Answered : 877 Questions
What generation testing is the HIV antibody test by ICMA with western blot confirmation?
Posted Fri, 18 Oct 2013 in HIV and AIDS
Answered by Dr. Roopa Hiremath 47 minutes later
Brief Answer:
ICMA, Western blot

Detailed Answer:
Welcome to XXXXXXX

ICMA stands for Immunochemiluminometric assay.
This test detects antibodies against HIV 1 and 2 and hence can be considered as third generation kit.
The fourth generation kit usually detects HIV 1 and 2 antigens and antibodies.
Western blot test is a confirmatory test done for HIV testing.
If the ICMA test is reactive repeatedly for at least 2 out of 3 tests then that sample is subjected to Western blot test for confirmation.

I hope I have answered your question satisfactorily.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by
Follow-up: HIV antibody test by ICMA with western blot confirmation. Meaning? 22 minutes later
If you have any swollen lymph nodes does this mean your body is producing antibodies and can be detected?
Answered by Dr. Roopa Hiremath 32 minutes later
Brief Answer:
Swollen lymph nodes in HIV

Detailed Answer:
Welcome back to XXXXXXX

Swollen lymph nodes can occur normally too.
The lymph nodes can swell in any bacterial or viral infection.
Size of nodes, texture, presence or absence of tenderness, signs of inflammation over the node have to examined to rule out if it is significant or not.
The nodes drain different parts of the body and their swelling suggests infection in that part.
For example, if nodes in the neck are swollen, infection is mostly involving the ear, nose and throat.
If swelling of nodes in the groin, then infection is mostly in the external genitalia or perineum.
Swollen lymph nodes in HIV infection is mainly because the virus requires T-lymphocytes to multiply and cause infection.
These cells are mainly produced in the lymph nodes.
Antibody production depends on the virus expression to the cells producing the antibodies. (B lymphocytes)
This expression of virus differs in different individuals and that could be the reason why some produce antibodies faster than others.
Here swollen lymph nodes rather denotes multiplication of virus more than antibody production.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by
Share on Facebook
Share on Twitter
Share on Google+
Question is related to
Diseases and Conditions
Medical Procedures
Medical Topics

The user accepted the expert's answer

Ask an HIV AIDS Specialist

© Ebix, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice. You should always speak with your doctor before you follow anything that you read on this website. Any health question asked on this site will be visible to the people who browse this site. Hence, the user assumes the responsibility not to divulge any personally identifiable information in the question. Use of this site is subject to our Terms & Conditions
Already Rated.
Your rating:

Ask a Doctor