When it comes to contraception most of the people still prefer those old favorites, ‘the pill and the condom’. However, with the rapid advances in the medical world, there are a number of other contraception options available today. So do not shy anymore asking for the choices!


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Here is a brief guide to the latest types of female contraceptives now approved in India, along with their specific pros and cons:


Contraceptive injection

contraceptive
What is it? It is a long-acting reversible contraception injected into the body. It is quite effective and it lasts for 8 weeks to 13 weeks, depending on the type used. 

Pros
  • It can be used even if you are breastfeeding.
  • It does not interrupt sex.
  • You don't have to remember to take a pill every day.
  • It could ease painful periods. 
  • It offers some protection from pelvic inflammatory disease (the mucus from the cervix may stop bacteria entering the womb) and may also give some protection against cancer of the womb.
Cons

  • It can cause some women to gain weight.
  • Periods and fertility may take time to return after you discontinue this method.


Contraceptive implant

contraceptive
What is it? In contraceptive implant, a small flexible rod is placed under the skin of the upper arm by a health professional and it is this rod that releases progestogen to stop ovulation.

Pros
  • The implant lasts for three years but can be taken out sooner.
  • When the implant is removed your fertility will return to normal.
Cons
  • You can feel it with your fingers in your arm, though it can't be seen.
  • It is put using a local anesthesia.
  • It may increase chances of getting acne.


Intrauterine device (IUD)

Intrauterine
What is it? It is a small plastic and copper device known as a ‘coil’ which is put into the uterus by a doctor or nurse. It works immediately and can stay in from 5 to 10 years, though it can be removed at any time as per your personal choice seeking a help of a health professional.

Pros
  • It does not contain any hormones.
  • When it is removed, your fertility will return to normal.
Cons
  • It could make periods heavier.
  • There is a small chance of getting an infection in the first 20 days after insertion.


Contraceptive patch

Contraceptive
What is it? It is a small patch one can stick on to the skin od your shoulders. It releases estrogen and progestogen and stops ovulation. It is quite effective. 

Pros
  • It improves your menstrual-pattern by making it more regular and lighter.
  • It can improve acne for some women.
Cons
  • It is not suitable for overweight women or smokers over 35-years-old.
  • It can cause temporary side-effects such as headaches, nausea, mood changes, and breast tenderness. However, a minor chance of serious side-effects such as blood clots, breast, and cervical cancer is also observed.


Do talk to your doctor to decide on the best method for you. Stay aware! Stay healthy! 


For any query related to birth control and other women concerns consult a Gynecologist at www.healthcaremagic.com

About the Author

Priya Singh

Priya Singh is a professional writer and editor with 8 years of experience in writing/editing health and lifestyle content for diverse verticals such as magazine, newspaper, and digital media.


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