Caring for your feet as a diabetic should be a prime consideration. Because diabetes increases your vulnerability to serious foot infections such as corns, bunions, blisters, and ulcers. And if your blood sugar levels are high, these minor injuries may become a gateway to potentially disabling infections like gangrene. Left untreated, it can lead to loss of toes or foot, and sometimes loss of life too.
So, if you're dealing with diabetes, follow these 8 foot-care guidelines to stay away from the complications:
#1 Make sure you check your feet every day
Look for sores or blisters – even very small ones. If noticed, talk to your doctor about it right away.
#2 Wash your feet
Wash your feet at least twice daily with lukewarm water and mild soap so as not to damage your skin. This is a must to keep your feet free from microbes that can cause infection.
#3 Trim your toenails regularly
Whether you have diabetes or not, cutting nails is a must practice for staying away from germs. Cut straight across to prevent ingrown toenails.
#4 Don’t walk barefoot
Walking barefoot is recommended by many health experts because it has many health benefits, but this isn’t right for you if you have diabetes. You can get a cut, crack, or sore easily, leading to major complications.
#5 Wear soft cotton socks
Wear soft cotton socks at places where you can't use footwear. Take care that the socks are not too tight, as it may hamper blood circulation. Wipe your feet and dry them properly with a soft cotton towel. Any amount of dampness can result in fungal infection in the web spaces.
#6 Apply moisturizer
Never miss applying moisturizer to avoid cracked heels, which can act as a doorway for infections.
#7 Place your feet up when sitting for long hours
Always place your feet up when sitting for long hours to avoid any kind of nerve sensation. Also, shake your toes and move your ankles up and down for 5 minutes at least 2 to 3 times a day, if you are in any desk job or, if you ever need to sit for long hours.
#8 Don't smoke
Smoking over the time can decrease blood circulation to the feet, which can result in causing sores or injuries on your feet. So better quit it.
During every visit, your doctor should examine both your legs and your feet. A foot doctor or a podiatrist is helpful, especially for aging patients with type 2 diabetes.