Get your health question answered instantly from our pool of 18000+ doctors from over 80 specialties
155 Doctors Online

By proceeding, I accept the Terms and Conditions

Dr. Andrew Rynne
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

HCM Blog Instant Access to Doctors
HCM BlogQuestions Answered
HCM Blog Satisfaction
Article Home Ear Nose and Throat Disorders Meniere's disease

Meniere's disease

Meniere s disease is a disease of the inner ear characterised by vertigo(dizziness),tinnitus(ringing noise),feeling of fullness in the ear and waxing waning hearing loss

Meniere's disease usually affects people around age of 40 to 50 years but can occur from 20 years on wards.on tests performed people with right ear affected tend to do more worse in the cognitive performance

some patients also suffer from nystagmus (repetitive involuntary eye movements)


Its exact cause is not known but it is believed to be due to endolymphatic hydrops.It is supposed to be caused due to endolymphatic channels flowing from its normal channels to other areas to damage

It is also said to be because of Herpes virus as it remains dormant in many and reactivates as immunity wanes


  • vertigo
  • tinnitus
  • fluctuating hearing loss
  • aural fullness(it is similar to when we ride up a hill or ascending a plane but it cannot be cleared by swallowing)

Diagnostic procedures


  • Otolaryngological tests such as audiometry is performed



  • Vestibular training,stress reduction,hearing aids to deal with hearing loss. some doctors prefer a low sodium diet
  • Treatment also aims at reducing the inner fluid pressure with antihistamines, steroids , diuretics. devices which provide trans tympanic micropressure pulses such as meniett is also used
  • Betahistine is used to treat symptoms.Acyclovir is used to counter Herpes infection as it prevents and reduces the damage to inner ear.
  • In case of one severely affected ear chemical labrynthectomy is performed by injecting gentamicin into the middle ear which destroys the vestibular apparatus.vestibular neurectomy is also performed
  • In certain cases to elimimate vertigo surgery is done to decompress endolymphatic sac which gives temporary relief


Exacerbations and remission are common in menieres disease as the age progresses.

Related questions you may be interested in

doctor1 MD

I have a constant HEAVY LOUD noise in my rh ear , Lh ear had Meniere desease auditory nerve was cut off. They tell me that it is cause because I...

doctor1 MD

I'm 49 years old woman .I have been diagnosed with Meniere’s disease in 1999. Last September I had bad episode of dizziness which affected me so...

doctor1 MD

I think I have Meniere s Disease. I have all the symptoms but have not been diagnosed. I have rotational dizziness , nausea , mild headache which...

doctor1 MD

Greetings Dr. Madhyastha, Doctors and I are still stuck in no man’s land in regards to my blood count problem. The story is thus my husband I...

doctor1 MD

Feeling like s---. I slept last night but feel pooped I have to make myself type this. If I hadn t taken my .5 mg Lorazepam , I d be feeling...