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Dr. Andrew Rynne
MD
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Article Home Ear Nose and Throat Disorders Latest treatment for Allergies

Latest treatment for Allergies

The most effective way known to tackle allergy is by avoiding the allergen that triggers the allergy. Surprisingly this most effective, least expensive option is not followed by many. People who are sensitive to allergies look for expensive treatments and vaccination which come with side effects too. Keep the home clean and cool, Good ventilation and low humidity are the most effective ways though people resort to allergy proofing. The latest studied and practised now are Leukotriene inhibitors, Hay fever vaccines, Natural Capsaicin-Based, Zinc-Free Nasal Sprays. They are said to be effective in relieving symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis. The article has conventional treatments too.

Prevention

Preventing allergies depends on the type of allergy you have. General measures include the following:

  • Avoid known triggers. Even if you get treatment for your allergy symptoms, you still need to do your best to avoid your triggers. Common triggers include airborne allergens outdoors, at home or at work, and certain foods, insects or medications. Some allergic reactions are triggered or worsened by temperature extremes or emotional stress.
  • Keep a diary. When trying to identify exactly what causes or worsens your allergic symptoms, try to track all of your activities, note when symptoms occur, and write down what seems to help. This may help you and your doctor identify triggers and the best steps to prevent and treat them.
  • Wear a medical alert bracelet if you've ever had a severe allergic reaction. A medical alert bracelet (or necklace) lets others know that you have a serious allergy in case you have a reaction and you're unable to communicate.

Treatment

Allergy treatments include:

  • Allergen avoidance. Your doctor will help you take steps to identify and avoid your allergy triggers. This is generally the most important step in preventing allergic reactions and reducing symptoms.
  • Medications to reduce symptoms. Allergy medications can help reduce your immune system reaction and ease symptoms. The drugs you use depend on the type of allergy you have. They can include over-the-counter or prescription medications in the form of oral medications, nasal sprays or eyedrops. Some common allergy medications include corticosteroids, antihistamines, decongestants, cromolyn sodium and leukotriene modifiers.
  • Immunotherapy. For severe allergies or allergies not relieved by other treatment, your doctor may recommend allergy shots (immunotherapy). This treatment involves a series of injections of purified allergen extracts, usually given over a period of a few years.
  • Emergency epinephrine. If you have a severe allergy, your doctor may give you an emergency epinephrine shot to carry with you at all times. Given for severe allergic reactions, an epinephrine shot can reduce symptoms until you get emergency treatment.

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