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Dr. Andrew Rynne
MD
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Article Home Adult and Senior Health Hepatitis A Vaccination

Hepatitis A Vaccination

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Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver that can cause serious symptoms. It is caused by the hepatitis A virus. Infected food or water are the common modes of transmission. Some persons are carrier?s ad they do not appear to be sick but still they can spread the disease.

 

Hepatitis A Vaccination 

In following regions the disease is most prevalent.

  • Parts of Africa
  • Parts of Asia
  • Parts of the Caribbean
  • Central and South America
  • Eastern Europe
  • Mediterranean basin
  • Middle East
  • Mexico

Persons Likely to Contract Hepatitis A

  • All natives of high prevalence region should consider vaccination
  • Homosexual and bisexual males
  • Persons using illicit drug injections
  • If some outbreak of the disease is reported in some particular area
  • Persons who are handling the virus
  • Persons who are in contact of primates
  • Persons in food business

  • The Persons having chronic liver conditions

Administration of the vaccine is either prohibited or limited in following conditions

  • Hemophilia patients
  • Uncontrolled Infections leading to fever
  • Decreased Immune response  

Vaccination

  • For Adults — one dose injected intramuscularly and a booster dose after approximately one year
  • For Children Age Range 2 to 18 years — generally one pediatric dose intramuscular and booster generally after one year
  • Not recommended for children up to 2 years of age
  • Not recommended for Infants up to 12 months of age

Side Effects

 

Rarely a vaccination may lead to some side effects like-

  • Problem in breathing
  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Redness of skin
  • Swelling of eyes and face
  • Weakness
  • Black stools
  • Bleeding from gums
  • Blood in stools
  • Confusion    
  • Irritability
  • Few red spots on skin   
  • Numbness    
  • Cough   
  • Fever    
  • Headache   
  • Lack of appetite
  • Nausea    
  • Sneezing  
  • Diarrhea  
  • Vomiting