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Article Home Adult and Senior Health Gibraltar Fever or Brucellosis

Gibraltar Fever or Brucellosis

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It is a infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache.


Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by contact with animals carrying a bacteria called Brucella.


It is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by ingestion of unsterilized milk or meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions. Brucella species. They are small, Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming rods, which function as facultative intracellular parasites that cause chronic disease, which usually persists for life.

Brucellosis in humans is usually associated with the consumption of unpasteurized milk and soft cheeses made from the milk of infected animals, primarily goats, infected with Brucella melitensis and with occupational exposure of laboratory workers, veterinarians and slaughterhouse workers.

Diagnosis

  • Blood cultures in tryptose broth.
  • Bonemarrow cultures.
  • Demonstration of antibodies with Elisa test.
  • Histological evidence of granulomatous hepatitis (hepatitis biopsy).

Symptoms of fever

  •     Fever
  •     Chills
  •     Excessive sweating
  •     Weakness
  •     Weight loss
  •     Fatigue
  •     Headache
  •     Abdominal pain
  •     Back pain
  •     Loss of appetite
  •     Joint pain

Treatment

Antibiotics like tetracyclines, rifampicin, streptomycin, gentamicin, doxycycline.