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Dr. Andrew Rynne
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Dr. Andrew Rynne

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Exp 50 years

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Article Home Diet and Fitness Diet in peptic ulcer

Diet in peptic ulcer

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A peptic ulcer is a sore area or erosion on the lining of the digestive system. If it is in the stomach it is called as gastric ulcer, if it is in the duodenum it is called duodenal ulcer.

Diet in peptic ulcer :


The main objectives of diet modification are:

  • To provide adequate nutrition.
  • To provide rest to the digestive tract.
  • To maintain continuous neutralization of gastric acid.
  • To minimize acid secretion.
  • To reduce mechanical, chemical and thermal irritation to the lining of the stomach.

 

Dietary modifications :

Energy: Patients suffering from peptic ulcers are undernourished and therefore, need an increased energy intake. In case of patients at bed rest, the energy needs for activity are not utilized and make up the extra needs.

Proteins: A high protein diet is advised as this promotes healing. Proteins also have a buffering action. Though milk protein has a good buffering action, the high calcium content of milk stimulates gastric secretions production. Eggs and other high protein foods can be included to meet the requirements.

Fat: Fat should be used in moderate amounts. Emulsified fats like butter, cream, etc. are better tolerated.

Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates are used to meet the energy needs. Foods containing harsh and irritating fiber should be avoided.


Fiber: Regular diet, with good food sources of dietary fiber, has been proved beneficial.

To remember:

  • Eat smaller meals.
  • Eat slowly.
  • Eat bland foods.
  • Avoid citrus fruits and juices.
  • Avoid coffee, tea and cola.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Avoid stress.
  • Avoid eating late in the night.
  • Alcohol should be consumed in moderation.