Streptococcal pharyngitis , streptococcal tonsillitis , or streptococcal sore throat (known colloquially as strep throat ) is a type of pharyngitis caused by a group A streptococcal infection . Strep throat is a contagious infection, spread through close contact with an infected individual. A definitive diagnosis is made based on the results of a throat culture . However, this is not always needed as treatment may be decided based on symptoms. In highly likely or confirmed cases, antibiotics are useful to both prevent complications and speed recovery.
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