What is Osteoarthrosis?

Osteoarthritis (OA) also known as degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease, or osteoarthrosis, is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. --> Initially this usually just occurs after exercise but over time may become constant. Other symptoms may include joint swelling, decreased range of motion, and when the back is affected weakness or numbness of the arms and legs. The most commonly involved joints are those near the ends of the fingers, at the base of the thumb, neck, lower back, knees, and hips. Joints on one side of the body are often more affected than those on the other. Usually the problems come on over years. It can affect work and normal daily activities. Unlike other types of arthritis only the joints are typically affected.

Causes include previous joint injury, abnormal joint or limb development, and inherited factors. Risk is greater in those who are overweight, have one leg of a different length, and have jobs that result in high levels of joint stress. Osteoarthritis is believed to be caused by mechanical stress on the joint and low grade inflammatory processes. As pain may make it difficult to exercise, muscle loss may occur. --> Unlike in rheumatoid arthritis, which is primarily an inflammatory condition, the joints do not typically become hot or red.

Treatment includes exercise, efforts to decrease joint stress, support groups, and pain medications. Efforts to decrease joint stress include resting, the use of a cane, and braces. Weight loss may help in those who are overweight. Pain medications may include paracetamol (acetaminophen). If this does not work NSAIDs such as naproxen may be used but these medications are associated with greater side affects. Opioids if used are generally only recommended short term due to the risk of addiction. If pain interferes with normal life despite other treatments, joint replacement surgery may help. An artificial joint, however, only lasts a limited amount of time. Outcomes for most people with osteoarthritis are good.

OA is the most common form of arthritis with disease of the knee and hip affecting about 3.8% of people as of 2010. It is the cause of about 2% of years lived with disability. In Australia about 1.9 million people are affected, Before 45 years of age it is more common in men, while after 45 years of age it is more common in women. It becomes more common in both sexes as people become older.

Questions and answers on "Osteoarthrosis"

osteoarthrosis is noted in the dorsal spine. disc spaces are normal. no abnormal paraspinal soft tissue shadow is seen. i walk regular 40 minutes to keep control of sugar level without medicine. pains are not severe. please what will be my management. A B Hussain, Dhaka, Banglaesh. YYYY@YYYY

exercise, is the only answer.
for symptomatic management, you can take pain killer on as and when basis. hot water fomentation and various physiotherapy modalities are also provide some help
take care
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Hi: I am 46yr old female. Have had numerous Back Surgery, Mycobacteria Fortuitum that went to the Thalamus, having surgery to remove Abscesses, Bacteria Menningitis, CSF leak, osteoarthrosis, NOW, i have 2-3 sub. cyst on right hip bone. Any movement is extremely painful, walking, bending, along with my legs. I have appt. with a ortho.Dr. next week just wanting an opion.
I dear patient I think you have got avascular necrosis of right hip bone.since you have got multiple surgeries for brain and back you must have take steroids for prolonged periods which makes you susceptible for avn of hip bone. Avn is associated with hip joint pain which gets worse with any...
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I have osteoarthrosis in my left foot it is swollen and has been for a few weeks I have seen my doctor and had blood tests and xray blood tests fine xray saw mild osteoarthrosis my foot feels numbish it has been like this for years as I have back problems and had sciatica but now my foot feels worse as if I am walking on cotton wool and it aches I have looked up osteoarthrosis on the internet but there does not seem to be much also do I need to be refered to a physio thank you

I understand you have had sciatica of left leg for several years and had a decreased sensation in your left foot all along. Now you have developed foot swelling and your sensation in your sole has worsened that you started feeling as if you are walking on cotton wool and now xray shows...
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Hello Doctor My wife is suffering for past six months with acute pain in her left knee joint . Recently we took x-ray and blood test as per the advice of a doctor (ortho specialist). X-ray report is produced below: The joint space is narrowed - small osteophytes are seen at the patella and medial tibial condyle -The juxta articular soft tissues do not show any obvious pathology Impression: Features of osteoarthrosis changes in the left knee joint In the blood report the only adverse thing is the ESR(vesmatic automated) count is 33.00 mm/hr (ref range is upto 20.00) As per the doctor s advise she underwent physiotherapy (6 sittings with wax fomentation) But the pain still persists hence need your advice for a Homeo medicine Thanks balaji
Thanks for writing to us.
Since there are osteoarthritis changes in the knee joint you need to take joint lubricant supplements with calcium supplements in addition to physiotherapy.
I hope this information has been both informative and helpful for you.
Dr. Praveen Tayal ,...
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ive recently had mri of right shoulder findings are osteoarthosis of ac jointalso fluid in subacromial subeltoid bursa and bursal tering involving the anterior supraaspinatus tendon my question is what exactly does this imply see above
Welcome to you sustain any shoulder injury? These findings are consistent with rotator cuff or tear in the muscles and or ligaments surrounding the shoulder joint.Also the joint has undergone degenerative changes secondary to the muscle/bursal tear.
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hi , for last 4 months i have been taking Olvance M25 for high BP , although the BP remains with in limit but i am facing some new health issues. Initially I used to have swelling in my legs which subsided after 5-6 days but still surfaces occasionally. The second problem which i have started facing is the pain at the other side of knees(backside). even after folding the legs for 2 min, while getting up i am not able to take the weight of the body.I can t get up and start walking directly from the sitting posture , I have to first stand and wait for some time and then initially walk slowly before walking normally due to this pain. I am 40 yrs old, please help..
Welcome to HCM,
After going through your history you have high blood pressure and taking treatment for it, this is good that your blood pressure is well controlled,please continue to take your medicine regularly.
Your swelling over legs is dependant edema so it should be examined by Physician...
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My mom had vaginal hysterectomy 1.5 yr ago. Post which she was asked not to sit on floor, for 6 months. But now too, she can't sit on floor - especially cross-legged. She is not bend her left knee for more than 45 degrees and feels little pain.

Is she having arthritis? What type of arthritis is it? She climbs steep stairs, up and down, everyday. Will this have any impact?
Thanks for posting your query.
From your description it seems that both of your mother's knee joints have undergone osteoarthritic changes. These are basically age related degenerative changes in the weight bearing joints like knee and is characterized by joint pain and stiffness. Upon...
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