The Tuberculin skin test for TB detection is a relatively safe and reliable test for pregnant women -- it will not harm you or your baby. This test is also called PPD (Purified Protein Derivative) or Mantoux. This test identifies if you have been exposed to TB bacteria. PPD is not a vaccine.The sputum test is also used for detecting TB in pregnant women. But a chest x-ray is avoided because of the harmful effects of radiation
to the foetus. Children born to mothers with untreated TB may have low birth weight
or fetal growth retardation and in some cases may be born with hearing defects. TB also increases complications during pregnancy
. It can also spread to the foetus through the umbilical cord
.TB is 100% curable if it is detected early and the medications prescribed are taken correctly. Pregnant women should start treatment as soon as the disease is detected. If started early, anti-tuberculosis treatment
greatly reduces the chances of you becoming ill during pregnancy, and of your baby being born too early.