A muscle cramp is a sudden contraction of one or more of the muscles. The result can be intense pain and an inability to use the affected muscles. In athletes, common causes of leg cramps
are overuse, stress and dehydration
during sports played in warm weather. Overuse, injury, muscle strain
or staying in the same position also may cause cramps. Writer's cramp affects the thumb and first two fingers of the hand with which one writes and is caused by using the same muscles for long periods. At home, one can develop hand or arm cramps
spending long hours gripping a paintbrush or using a garden tool. Other causes may include circulatory or nerve problems. Some cramps occur during rest. A common variety of muscle cramp occurs in the calf muscles or toes during sleep.
What is the treatment?
To reduce muscle cramps
one can learn stretching exercises that can help reduce the chances of getting muscle cramps. Drinking plenty of liquids also helps. For recurrent cramps that disturb sleep, the doctor may prescribe