Pelvic congestion syndrome
is a chronic medical condition that causes pelvic pain
in women. its caused by a disorder in the veins connected to the pelvic area. In patients with pelvic congestion syndrome, leakage occurs in the valves in the veins that assist in blood flow from the pelvic area toward the heart. Blood then flows backward and pools in the veins, causing pain and discomfort. this pooling causes the veins to stretch, putting unhealthy amounts of stress
on veins and vein walls, and with painful results. The uterus
, ovaries, and vulva may all be affected by pelvic congestion syndrome.Drugs are available that constrict the veins or suppress the function of the ovaries (vasoconstrictors or hormones). Also, blocking or tying off the effected veins often helps. In the right circumstances, interventional radiology
techniques, such as arterial embolization, which involves the use of an injected solution called an embolic agent to block flow to the affected area and reroute blood elsewhere, are helpful.