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A sprained ankle
, also known as an ankle sprain, twisted ankle, rolled ankle, floppy ankle, ankle injury
or ankle ligament injury
, is a common medical condition where one or more of the ligaments of the ankle is torn or partially torn.
The diagnosis of a sprain relies on the medical history, including symptoms, as well as making a differential diagnosis, mainly in distinguishing it from strains or bone fractures
The Ottawa ankle rule is a simple, widely-used rule to help differentiate fractures of the ankle or mid-foot from other ankle injuries that do not require x-ray radiography
. It has a sensitivity of nearly 100%, meaning that a patient who tests negative, according to the rule almost certainly does not have an ankle fracture.
If an ankle sprain does not heal properly, the joint may become unstable and may lead to chronic pain
. Receiving proper treatment and performing exercises that promote ankle function is important to strengthen the ankle and prevent further injury.
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