The best type cannot be said. Every procedure has its own limitations and disadvantages. Hence we say that the benefits a person get depends on the skill of the surgeon, the instruments used and the technology used for the cataract surgery
. Types of cataract surgery: 1) Phacoemulsification
, or phaco: A small incision is made on the side of the cornea, & a tiny probe introduced into the eye. This device emits ultrasound
waves that soften and breaks up the lens so that it can be removed by suction. Most cataract surgery today is done by phacoemulsification, also called "small incision cataract surgery."2) Extracapsular surgery: A longer incision on the side of the cornea and removes the cloudy core of the lens in one piece. The rest of the lens is removed by suction. The natural lens once removed would be replaced by an artificial Lens, called an intraocular lens
(IOL). Cataract surgery slightly increases your risk of retinal detachment
. Early treatment for retinal detachment often can prevent permanent loss of vision. Floaters are little "cobwebs" or specks that seem to float about in your field of vision. If you notice a sudden increase in floaters or flashes, see an eye care professional immediately. Complications for cataract surgery Itching and mild discomfort are normal after cataract surgery. Some fluid discharge is also common. Eye may be sensitive to light and touch. If you have discomfort, your doctor can suggest treatment. After one or two days, moderate discomfort should disappear. Measures that you need to follow at home post surgery 1) eye drops to help healing and decrease the risk of infection. 2) Wear an eye shield or eyeglasses to help protect your eye. 3) Try not to bend from the waist to pick up objects on the floor. 4) Do not lift any heavy objects. You can walk, climb stairs, and do light household chores. Problems that can occur after surgery include infection, bleeding, inflammation (pain, redness
, and swelling), and loss of vision, double vision
, and high or low eye pressure.