A person may be born with only one kidney, a condition known as renal agenesis
. Renal dysplasia, another birth defect
, makes one kidney unable to function. Many people with renal agenesis or renal dysplasia lead normal, healthy lives and only discover that they have one kidney-or one working kidney-when they have an x ray, sonogram, or surgery for some unrelated condition. This is not usually of any major health consequence, as long as the other kidney is healthy. The odds of a person being born with this condition are roughly 1 in 750. Such people have considerably higher chances of hypertension
(high blood pressure
), proteinuria( passing large amount of protein in urine
). People with this condition are advised to approach contact sports with caution.
Such people should monitor their blood pressure, proteinuria and kidney function tests regularly.
Good control of BP