High blood sugar in diabetes results in damage of various blood vessels of body.
When the blood vessels of kidney get damaged,then bigger molecules of protein in blood start getting leaked in the urine which otherwise should not have leaked.
The gold standard for diagnosis of mcroalbuminaria is 24 hours urine estimation of protein.
is preceded by micro albuminaria and is an incipient nephropathy which can be reversed by proper medications and precautions.
MICROALBUMINARIA is defined as albumin level of 30-300 mg albumin/24 hours.
MICROALBUMINARIA precedes overt proteinuria
by several years.OVERT PROTEINURIA IS DEFINED AS more than 300 mg albumin/24 hours
It is said that average time taken from the appearance of overt proteinuria to end stage renal failure
is 5 years.
You must consult a diabetologist
as well as a nephrologist
Do's for you..
Control your diabetes and blood pressure meticulously.
Avoidance of nephrotoxic drugs like pain killers
Prompt control of UTI's
Must take ACE inhibitors or ARB's as these will slow down the progression to frank diabetic nephropathy.
Low potassium and low proteins if nephropathy has developed.
Take regular supplement of VIT D .