Gastro esophageal reflux disease
, is caused by the reflux of acid from stomach to esophagus due to relaxation of the sphincter at the lower part of esophagus.
Management consists of:
1. Lifestyle modification- like weight reduction, sleeping on the left side, or with upper body raised.
2. Dietary modification- avoid consuming irritating substances such as acidic & rich foods, caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol.
3. Medical management- Proton pump
inhibitors like Omeprazole, Pantoprazole
,etc. (which prevent acid formation in stomach) Metoclopramide
can also be used but it has some side effects on long term usage
4. Surgical treatment- includes Fundoplication, done when medical measures fail.
If symptoms still persist, it will be better to consult a Gastroenterologist
Wish you a good health.
Thanks & Take care.