hello and welcome to HCM,
I do understand your problem and shock
especially when you see blood. But rest assured if it is just mixed with vomitus and does not increase then there is nothing to worry about. The pain can be due to a combination of reflux and possibly infection. Also the node is nothing to worry about especially since it is painful and smaller than an inch.
If your coughing is controlled then you need to start on an antibiotic like amoxycillin-clavulanate
625mg twice daily after food fir five days along with pantoprazole-d 40 mg twice daily before food for two weeks. Take some painkiller like diclofenac
twice daily after food for five days. Your doctor will know about these drugs.
Avoid spicy, oily and high flavored food and also do not have excess caffeine
You should feel better in a week; if you do not feel better you may need to consult an ENT to get an endoscopic examination done and also to have a work up on the node.
take care and do not strain
Dr Sriram Nathan