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Mitral valve prolapse
is a condition in which one of the valves in the heart, called the mitral valve, doesn’t close normally . The mitral valve is made up of 2 flaps. In mitral valve prolapse, 1 or both flaps don’t close in the correct way.
When the heart valves work normally, they keep blood flowing in only 1 direction. The mitral valve normally keeps blood flowing from the left atrium to the left ventricle .
When the mitral valve flaps don’t close correctly, blood can leak backward in the wrong direction. When blood leaks backward from the left ventricle to the left atrium, we call it “mitral regurgitation
.” Some patients with mitral valve prolapse have mitral regurgitation.
Many people with mitral valve prolapse have no symptoms.
Some people with mitral valve prolapse have symptoms such as chest pain
, feeling their heart beating fast or hard, fainting
, or feeling dizzy.
reatment depends on how severe the mitral valve prolapse is and whether it is causing problems.
People with mild mitral valve prolapse and mild mitral regurgitation might not need any treatment. But their doctor will follow their condition to see if it worsens and needs treatment later on.
People with severe mitral regurgitation might need surgery. During surgery, the doctor will fix or replace the mitral valve.
SO , CONSULT YOUR CARDIOLOGIST ....HE WILL PRESCRIBE THE NECESSARY TREATMENT..