1. Ammonia is basically a waste product of normal body process, thus diet rich in proteins, improper kidney and liver functions can cause ammonia to rise in the body. [Ammonia levels in the blood rise when the liver is not able to convert ammonia to urea.]
2. As they are children, thus excluding alcohol abuse
and drug abuse:
Reye's syndrome, trauma can also increase ammonia in blood.Ammonia is especially toxic to the brain.It can cause confusion, lethargy
, and sometimes coma. [hepatic encephalopathy].
3.use of biotin
rich food,drinking lots of water, silymarin
, grapefruit seeds, lemon help reduce ammonia in blood.
4. Treatment is complicated, requiring the supervision of a medical professional.[GI or Hepatology (liver specialist) can help guide management], high levels are usually treated with Lactulose
(which excretes extra ammonia through stool).